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What's In A Name?

What's In A Name?

Choosing a Hebrew name for a baby is a serious responsibility as it charts a course for the body and soul of the individual and may well determine his or her future.


I had already performed the circumcision, bris milah, on the eight-day-old infant; the prayers entering the child into the Covenant of Abraham had been recited and now the long-anticipated moment had arrived -- the name of the new infant was about to be announced.

The assembled guests eagerly anticipated the exciting news. Traditionally, a baby boy's Hebrew name is not revealed to anyone before the bris other than those involved in choosing it. And likewise, a baby girl's Hebrew name is not revealed until she is named in synagogue during the reading of the Torah.

Would the baby boy at this particular bris be named for a late uncle? For a beloved cousin who recently passed away? Or perhaps for a distinguished rabbi? Maybe he would be given a name his parents chose merely because they liked it.


Naming a child is one of the most important decisions new parents make. The Talmud (Berachot 7b) teaches that a Hebrew name has an influence on its bearer. Hence, it is extremely important to name your children after individuals with positive character traits who have led fortunate lives and have helped bring goodness to the world.

The legendary Kabbalist, the Ari, writes that the nature and behavior of a person, whether good or bad, can be discovered by analyzing his or her name. For example, a child named Yehudah could possibly be destined for leadership, for Yehudah, the fourth son of Jacob, symbolized monarchy and indeed, most Jewish kings descended from the tribe of Yehudah.

It is said that parents are actually blessed with prophesy when naming their newborn babies so that they will choose names which aptly describe their children's personas and their destinies in life.

It is said that parents are actually blessed with prophesy when naming their newborn babies.

According to the Ari, even the numerical value of the Hebrew letters in one's name can be indicative of an individual's character. For example, the numerical value, or gematria, of the name Elisheva is equivalent to the numerical value of the Hebrew words yemei simcha, meaning "days of happiness," perhaps portending a joyous life for a baby girl named Elisheva.

It is precisely because the fortunes and misfortunes of mankind are concealed in the secrets of the letters, vowels and meanings of Hebrew names that a seriously ill person is given an additional name like Chaim, meaning "life," or Rafael, meaning "God heals," in order to influence his destiny. We hope and pray that the new name will herald a new mazel, or fortune, for the stricken individual.

One of the founders of Chassidut in Galicia, Poland, Rabbi Elimelech of Lyzhansk, writes in his classic work on Torah "Noam Elimelech" (Bamidbar) that there is a profound connection between the soul of an infant and the soul of the person for whom he or she is named.

When a child is named after the deceased, the latter's soul is elevated to a higher realm in heaven and a spiritual affinity is created between the soul of the departed and the soul of the newborn child. That deep spiritual bond between these two souls can have a profound impact on the child.

The Hebrew word for soul -- neshama -- is spelled with the four Hebrew letters nun, shin, mem and hei. Remarkably, the Hebrew word for name, shem -- spelled shin, mem -- is contained within the word neshama, indicating yet again the strong connection between one's name and one's soul, or essence.


Back at the bris. The young father was now huddled next to his own father -- the baby's grandfather -- who was being honored with the recitation of the naming prayer. Holding a goblet filled with wine, the grandfather intoned, "Our God and God of our forefathers, preserve this child for his father and mother, and may his name be called in Israel." The grandfather waited for his son to whisper the name in his ear so that he could proudly announce it.

The grandfather gasped as tears welled in his eyes; his voice choked as his lips quivered with emotion.

"Yoel" whispered the father. The grandfather gasped as tears suddenly welled in his eyes. His voice choked as his lips quivered with emotion. His new grandson was being named for his own father -- the baby's great grandfather. Tears also welled in the eyes of all the guests who remembered Yoel Pfeiffer.

In the late 1930s, he was forced to escape from Germany the night after he got married. He made it to England but upon arrival there he was imprisoned as a suspected spy. He remained on British soil throughout the war until he was able at last to immigrate to Canada where he was reunited with his wife.

The late Yoel Pfeiffer began his life anew in Montreal. With almost nothing but perseverance, he built a family, a business and a legacy of charitable deeds. At the festive meal following the bris, the young father recalled the fondness he had for his grandfather and explained how he and his wife wished to honor him and how they hoped to confer his strength of character to their new son, Yoel Pfeiffer.

As a Mohel, one trained to perform Jewish ritual circumcision, I am often involved in helping families choose appropriate Hebrew names for their children. My advice is based on three principles:

  1. use the exact Hebrew name of the person you wish to honor or at least a name that has a number of the same letters contained in his or her Hebrew name;
  2. be sure your child's name contains only positive connotations, and
  3. use a name your child will be proud of; remember, your child's name is his eternal identity.

See a list of common girls' names
See a list of common boys' names

May 13, 2000

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Visitor Comments: 9

(9) meyre, January 15, 2007 4:31 AM


like this site keep it up

(8) wayne, June 16, 2006 12:00 AM

i want to change my name to "son of abraham according to the covenant".

he is a jew who is one inwardly.

(7) Lenn Zonder (Leizer Beryl), November 14, 2004 12:00 AM

Naming my daughter

I always enjoy telling the story of how my daughter received her English name.
There was no question, before she was born that her Hebrew name would be Chaya P'nina, after her maternal grandfather and uncle. But we struggled picking out her English name.
One night, my wife handed me a list of names that were acceptable to her, in English. It must have contained 40 or more names, but two names, Karen and Amy, followed one another.
That's it, I said. The perfect Hebrew name in English. Keren Ami, one of the four cornerstones of our people.
In truth, we Anglicized it, but I am confident that it imbued her with compassion for others, the personification of Keren Ami.
Incidently, she was also born Erev Rosh Hashana.

(6) Rachel, April 27, 2003 12:00 AM

I Finally Figured It Out

Our oldest boy was named Yosef Ariel, and he lived up to the name Ariel in his babyhood. He roared a lot and kept me really busy until he grew up to be a mentsch. The next son was named Eliezer Menachem, and he was the happiest baby, a real comfort to our family after the loss of the zaida for whom he was named. By the time I was pregnant with the third boy, I figured out that there was a connection between the name and the personality. So I deliberately picked the name Noah Yaron, because I wanted a peaceful and content baby with a pleasant disposition. Bli Eyin Hara, our Noah at 13 and a half still has a lovely disposition, very sweet tempered, and happy to do things when I ask him. I would advise parents to make sure the name doesn't mean volcanic, angry, mercurial, foolish, or anything else you may not want to have in a child.

(5) ronit weissberg, February 6, 2002 12:00 AM


because of this web page I am going to become a jew... thank you so much for teaching me that because I am an Athiast for finally getting a religion!

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