Holy City of Many Names: Jerusalem Response on Ask the Rabbi
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Holy City of Many Names

I have a school project and I need to write about the four names for Jerusalem. Can you tell me what they are?

The Aish Rabbi Replies:

Not that I want to be doing your homework, but here’s a start:

In Genesis 14:18, when the patriarch Abraham defeated the four kings, he went to Jerusalem, which was then called "Salem." This word means "complete," and is also related to "Shalom" meaning "peace." So it is the City of Peace.

In Genesis 22:14, when Abraham returned to Jerusalem to place his son Isaac on the altar, he renamed the place "Hashem Yireh," which translates as "The Almighty will see."

If you put the two together – Yireh and Shalom – you get Yerushalayim/Jerusalem: "He will see peace,"

After King David purchased Jerusalem from the Jebusites, he renamed it (appropriately) the City of David.

There are many more names, for instance Zion, and of course, the Holy City.

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