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Celebrating the Success of Others

Celebrating the Success of Others

We can either tear down another person's success or be inspired by the example. We can choose to be Abel, or choose to be Cain.


A friend's book was included on a prominent bestseller list. When this milestone was relayed to another author, the response was unexpectedly nasty: "But did you see the comments about the book on"

A schoolmate became a tenured university professor. A few years later, another schoolmate commented, "He hasn't published anything lately."

A lawyer leaves private practice for a senior in-house position at a non-profit corporation. Although he'd found his dream job, "he needed to leave his existing position" was the conclusion of the office gossip circle.

In each case, someone's apparent career success or successful job change is being disparaged, really for no reason at all.

For people in the working world, there is more anxiety now than in recent memory. People are changing jobs, losing jobs, looking for jobs and trying to hang onto jobs they already have. One would hope that almost any job success would bring cheers from colleagues, but all too often it turns out quite the opposite. Can't we just be supportive?

I'm at the point in my career where it is appropriate to consider my next stage. At least on paper, I imagine I have many options. But with every option, I can already hear the naysayers dissecting and criticizing my decision. The knowledge that people will comment can be crippling. If you take a pay cut to start a new career direction, you'll be seen as a washout. If you go into public service, it will be whispered that you failed out of the private sector. On top of a tough economy, it is hard to commit to any new job with this certain undercurrent of disapproval.


The urge to tear down a friend's success is as old as the very first sibling rivalry. With the simple story of Cain and Abel, the Torah shows us two paradigms of how to respond to another's success -- one healthy, one terribly destructive.

Imagine what the world would look like if every time we saw someone succeed, we used the natural feelings of jealousy to redouble our efforts to make our own lives more successful?

The story begins when Cain decides to create something new, an "offering" to God. This was a good idea, and Cain is the first to do it. Abel responds in a healthy way: he sees his brother's act honoring the Almighty, and he decides to imitate him by making his own offering.

Abel's response shows us how we are supposed to respond to other people's innovations -- use them as models, be inspired by them, become your greatest self and make your best impact on the world. Imagine what the world would look like if every time we saw someone succeed, we used the natural feelings of jealousy to redouble our efforts to make our own lives more successful? Imagine if we were jealous of our fellow's humility and self-sacrifice as we are of his wealth and honor?

We are told that Cain's offering was from the poorest of his produce, and Abel's was the choicest of his flock. Using Cain's offering as an idea, Abel had improved on the model by upgrading the offering to the very best quality. Abel gives his all to his own project.

The trouble begins after God embraces Abel's offering, but not Cain's. When Cain sees Abel's offering accepted by God, he doesn't turn inward to consider how he himself could do better. Instead, Cain becomes deeply indignant and depressed.

God then speaks directly to Cain, saying, "Why are you annoyed, and why has your countenance fallen? If you improve your own actions, you can also reap success." In essence, God shows Cain the way to succeed, which is by improving his own efforts. God tells Cain to do what Abel did -- use his brother as inspiration and do his absolute best.

What happens next shows us the other choice, the one we are tempted to make every day. Instead of building up our own greatness, we tear down another's.

Cain kills his brother.

Seeing someone else's success creates a tension in us. We ask ourselves, 'Am I capable of that kind of success?'

There are two ways to resolve the tension: work hard enough to find out the answer to the question 'Am I capable of my own success?' -- or make the success seem smaller, crush it, eliminate it, kill it. When someone achieves, we have two choices. We can be inspired by the example, or we can tear it down; we can emulate the person or we can diminish him. We can choose to be Abel, or choose to be Cain.

Our sages compare speaking negatively about someone to murder. The running commentary on how everyone's career is going is harmful in many ways. It undermines the confidence of the job seeker; it contaminates the mind of current or potential employers; it destroys one's dignity in his community. It also gives the speaker permission to do less with his own life, to feel complacent with his own mediocrity. In that way, it kills the speaker, too -- it kills his own vision of what greatness is possible.

Our sages also recognize that it is not enough to simply try to stop the person who responds to reports of greatness with a negative comment; the entire public discussion of people's success needs to be severely limited, because the mere announcement of success is an invitation to attack. Because this response is human, Judaism holds the person who announces someone's positive career step responsible for the inevitable negative reactions. The Chafetz Chaim teaches, "You are forbidden to praise a person in the presence of a group, even if you do not praise him excessively and you are not aware that anyone dislikes him. It is very likely that someone in the group will say something derogatory about the subject of praise."

It would be extreme to say nothing about your fellow's success, but that extreme is not required. You can always speak directly to the person, and tell him just what he most needs to hear from his friends: "Congratulations. You've worked hard for this, and you deserve it. May you have continued success."

Even better, try to mean it.

November 8, 2003

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Visitor Comments: 7

(7) Anonymous, November 14, 2003 12:00 AM

Diane really gets it straight

Diane is the most apt person to write such an article. From personal experience with Diane, I can say that the way she congratulates another on their accomplishments makes the accomplishment into a bracha. Thanks Diane.

(6) Gidon Ariel, November 11, 2003 12:00 AM

schadenfreude? What about firgun?

I find it revealing that this word that we learned from an earlier visitor's comments is in German, and is certainly not a popular word, while "firgun," from the Yiddish, means exactly "celebrating the success of others," and is a popular term (and pastime!) for us Israelis.

As one of my sig lines goes: "Happy are those who have discovered//That the secret of life is to be nice to others."

(5) Tamra, November 11, 2003 12:00 AM

it's freeing to quit being like 'Cain'

excellent. I have been 'cain' too many times myself, in the ways I have condemned someone else's success and in the way I have slacked on my own efforts to bring my best to the table. This article is all good, and much needed.

(4) Anonymous, November 10, 2003 12:00 AM

Let's toast the increasing growth of the author

What Ms. Faber writes is so true, and even inspiring. More inspiring, though, is her own growth and maturation, from previous pieces relating (very effectively) lessons from her personal life experiences to offering more generic important life lessons based on Torah. If she ultimately decides to leave her job (p.r. person for Ghana?), she will undoubtedly be a grand success in whatever profession is fortunate to have her. No Schadenfreude from this quarter....

(3) leah, November 10, 2003 12:00 AM

Excellent article! I was extremely fortunate to have a friend(unfortunately of blessed memory already) whom mastered this trait(of being happy for others successes.
She did so much for me when she was alive...too much to count, even.
When i wrote to her parents to tell her what she meant(and still does) mean to me, i remember writing not about how fun she was, or any of the common things that one would expect to hear.
I wrote to her parents that she had an amazing quality to her that i would hope to one day be able to achieve.
Even while she was suffering with uncureable cancer and was in traction and could no longer walk, she SERIOUSLY, GENUINELY was happy for others successes. She made it seem easy to be this way. I am still in awe of this quality that she possessed.
I remember that she would comment to me about the persons struggle on a particular issue or the like and then say how this person was successful and happy etc...and how deserving this person is etc....
She never once said anything that appeared to be jealousy related.
I am thankful to have had her as a best friend and as a positive role model for this character trait.

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