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Taking a Stand against Iran

Taking a Stand against Iran

New Canadian legislation provides a template for how to hold Iran accountable for its genocidal threats.


Irwin Cotler, the former minister of justice and attorney general of Canada, member of Canadian parliament and co-author of this piece, has introduced legislation in Canadian parliament called the "Iran Accountability Act." While it expressly holds Iran to account – for its genocidal threats, nuclear ambitions and domestic repressions – it can also function to hold any signatory to the Genocide Convention to account.

All signatories to the 1948 Genocide Convention (including the United States) have a responsibility to prevent genocide – and to punish incitement to genocide – that they have largely ignored in the case of the world's greatest threat. The IAA, while a Canadian initiative, is a template model as to how to fulfill these responsibilities and take a stand against Iranian criminal actions.

We were in Geneva when the President of Iran, Mahmoud Ahmadinejad, stepped to the podium at the United Nations and delivered an address at a conference ostensibly aimed at fighting racism. With that speech – fettered with anti-Semitic comments and rooted in the very intolerance the Durban Review Conference was supposed to be combating, the whole delivered on the day of Holocaust remembrance in Geneva – the use and abuse of the United Nations reached a new, shameful low.

Ahmadinejad belongs in the docket of the accused, not the podium of the United Nations.

President Ahmadinejad is a man who incites to hatred and genocide in violation of the Genocide Convention's prohibition; who is engaged in the massive repression of the rights of his own people – particularly the Baha'i religious minority of Iran; who pursues the most destructive of weaponry in violation of UN Security Council Resolutions; who is complicit in crimes against humanity through genocidal terrorist proxies; who assaults the basic tenet of the UN Charter; who presides, as president, over the parading in the streets of Teheran of a Shahab-3 missile draped in the emblem "Wipe Israel off the Map" while exhorting the masses with cries of "Death to Israel"; who denies the Holocaust as he incites to a new one; who warns Muslims that if they recognize Israel, they will burn in the umma of Islam; and who has used the podium of the United Nations General Assembly to invoke classic anti-Semitic tropes reminiscent of the Protocols of the Elders of Zion.

Such a person belongs in the docket of the accused, not the podium of the United Nations.

And yet the danger of a genocidal, nuclear and rights-violating Iran did not begin with President Ahmadinejad and will not end simply with the completion of his tenure. The supreme leader of Iran, Ayatollah Ali Khamenei, stated that "it is the mission of the Islamic Republic of Iran to erase Israel from the map of the region."

Indeed, when he delivered his most infamous incitement – that Israel should be "wiped off the map" – President Ahmadinejad made it clear that he was simply repeating what "the Imam said" – at once grounding his hateful prescription in the words of former supreme leader Ayatollah Ruhollah Khomeini, and invoking religion to confirm the obligation.

Let us be clear, however, that the great civilization of Iran – and the people of Iran – are not the ones targeted by this legislation. To the contrary, the bill takes as its premise that these peoples are increasingly the object of Iran's human rights violations. It is in their best interest that the international community hold Iran's leaders to account.

As Edmond Burke cautioned, it is clear that this evil will triumph unless good people do something to stop it. This template Iran Accountability Act would ensure precisely that.

The IAA divests Canada from investment in Iran. It establishes a mechanism to monitor incitement to hate in Iran, and would render the most virulent inciters inadmissible to Canada. It freezes the assets of those that contribute to Iran's nuclear or military infrastructure – as well as its machinery of hate. It uses the framework of the international community – Canada's bilateral relationships and the United Nations – to bring Iran to justice through recognized principles of international law. And, similar to a recent American legislative proposal, it targets Iran's dependence on imported petroleum – so long as the incitement continues.

The IAA makes it clear that diplomacy targeted solely at Iran's nuclear threat mistakenly ignores the terrifying and vilifying context in which that threat operates and, however inadvertently, sanitizes the genocidal incitement at its core.

We hope that the US government and Congress look closely at this bill. A dual statement from both Canada and the United States would send a clear signal to Iran that while we are open to engagement, we will not acquiesce in incitement to genocide and other crimes against humanity.

Irwin Cotler, a Montreal MP, is the former minister of justice and attorney general of Canada. Alan Dershowitz is Felix Frankfurter Professor of Law at Harvard University.

June 13, 2009

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Visitor Comments: 9

(9) deborah Bach, July 2, 2009 4:52 AM


The need for engagement is not that Ahmadinajad deserves a chance, but that the free world prefers to maintain it's clear moral position and create the largest possible coalition to save the maximum number of lives.

(8) Anonymous, June 29, 2009 4:59 AM

Proud Canuck

I am so very profoundly proud to be a Canadian. Our hugest export, world-wide, is Human Rights. Standing by the Democratic State of Israel, and encouraging Nations to seek peace at home, rather than spending wealth to terrorize their own valiant people, and obsessing over Israel and the Jews, says everything about Canada and its' traditions and peoples. We have within our population peoples who come from every corner of the world. The hope is that the totalitarian mindset, and the oppression of women which some cultures abide by, is updated, on Canadian soil, to a humanistic viewpoint and compassionate understanding to what it is to be a citizen and member of the human species. I am proud that Professors Dershowitz and Cutler, are contributing so generously to this process, and thus enriching North American society by their talents.

(7) Anonymous, June 18, 2009 3:13 PM

in response to comment 6

millions - unless it is billions. please notice that the second world war killed about 70 million people worldwide everyone included, the third world will be exponentially worse, as einstein said the third world war will be fought with nukes - the fourth with sticks and stones

(6) Stuart, June 17, 2009 6:50 PM

This is not the Answer

Perhaps in the world of Messieurs. Dershowitz and Cotler, words and sanctions have meaning. The Iranian leadership does not seem to care about these things. Look a their economy considering all that oil money. No, the only thing that the mullahs understand is force. Wordssantiions and agreements do not work with tyrants. They did not work with Germany or the Soviets. They are not working with the North Koreans or the Sudanese. When will we learn? How many will needlessly die because we are so civilized?

(5) Menashe, June 16, 2009 4:22 AM


The Persians (Iranians) are a totally different race than Arabs. If you want to aggravate a Persian call them an Arab. This type of mistake shows how the west is so out of touch/ ignorant with things here in the middle east and how useless it is to assume that countries like Iran will comply with the legal framework of the west. Like Hitler they will just go ahead and do it anyway. To this end I would apply the 11th commandment: 'do it to them (Iran) before they do it to us (Jews)'

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