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Jews & Birthdays
Rabbi Benjamin Blech

Jews & Birthdays

Why I won’t be celebrating my birthday.


Next week is my birthday, but I won’t be celebrating.

It’s not because I’m not sentimental. And it’s definitely not because I don’t like parties.

It’s because a few years ago I noticed something remarkable in the Torah that made me rethink the whole idea of giving special significance to the day I was born.

There’s only one time in the entire Bible that we read about a birthday party. The guest of honor, who in all probability planned it for himself? Pharaoh, the king of Egypt, whose birthday bash we read about in the book of Genesis.

Aside from this non-Jewish leader, whose lifestyle certainly doesn’t deserve to be emulated by us, there isn’t a single mention of a birthday celebration by any one of our people.

Why the strange neglect of what we would think is a significant day worthy of celebrating and rejoicing? Another occasion that Jews do celebrate yields an answer.

On the anniversary of the day of death of a loved one, the yahrzeit, it is our custom to share food and drink with others. It is then, with the passage of time, that we can reflect upon all that was accomplished by our departed as well as the legacy of their achievements. We have a right – as well as an obligation – to celebrate a life that we can now in retrospect acknowledge as having been well lived.

Related: Your Jewish Name and Birthday

But birthdays link us only to the day of birth. When we are born, we have as yet accomplished nothing. We have no more than potential, alive to face the challenges that will confront us but with no assurance that we will overcome them successfully.

“God gave us the gift of life; it is up to us to give ourselves the gift of living well.”

Birthdays don’t really deserve applause because they commemorate nothing more than our first appearance on the stage of life. Voltaire put it well when he wrote, “God gave us the gift of life; it is up to us to give ourselves the gift of living well.” How we play our role is the great test of our character.

The 18th century rabbinic giant, Rabbi Moshe Sofer, known by the name of his major work as the Chatam Sofer, resolved a fascinating question by way of this insight.

The Talmud teaches that truly holy people die on their birthday. The rationale given for this seemingly harsh linkage is in fact to acknowledge a divinely decreed blessing. Righteous people are granted the gift of complete years. Whatever their lifespan, they live it out to the very last day.

It is a beautiful thought but the Chatam Sofer wonders how such a tradition could be maintained in the face of the knowledge that many saintly figures of the past did in fact not die on their birthday. Would that disqualify them from consideration as truly righteous in our eyes?

Of course not, says the Chatam Sofer. Many many pious people did in fact die on their birthday – we’re just mislabeling what day is in fact their birthday. The righteous will die on the very day that they became righteous – the day in which they first demonstrated their holiness, the day in which they confirmed the kind of saintly behavior that elevated them above others. That is the day in which they were truly born. And that is the day on which in fact they would pass on to the next world to be rewarded for their greatness.

Every one of us has more than one birthday. The first is of course purely biological. That moment gave joy to our parents, but we really have no right to make any personal claims on its significance. We were born – but it remains for us to prove by the way we subsequently live our lives that that deserves rejoicing.

It is the other “birthdays” we have that deserve recognition.

The day I first learned to read the Alef-Bet, as my father wrote the Hebrew letters on a slate in honey, taught me how to pronounce them, and then allowed me to lick the sweetness of their forms and to absorb God’s script into my soul – that was the day I was born into Jewish consciousness.

The day I received my rabbinic ordination, my Smichah, was the day I was born to begin my life in the service of God and to devote all my energies to the benefit of our people.

The day I married was the day that, in the eyes of Jewish tradition, I became a complete person – until then being unfulfilled without my divinely designated helpmate.

The four days on which I was blessed with the arrival of each one of my children allowed me the joy of knowing that I would be able to pass on the legacy of our ancestors to a new generation I had a role in creating – and nine grandchildren that followed were a beautiful frosting on the cake God was kind enough to bless me with.

The World from a Spiritual PerspectiveSo why celebrate my own birthday – a day I had nothing to do with personally – when I have so many other major moments in life that far more deserve to be celebrated?

Click here to purchase Rabbi Blech's new book, The World from a Spiritual Perspective: A Collection of Insightful Essays from

October 21, 2012

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The opinions expressed in the comment section are the personal views of the commenters. Comments are moderated, so please keep it civil.

Visitor Comments: 94

(87) Anonymous, February 12, 2018 12:49 PM

Life has no signficance and is not an accomplishment??

(86) Anonymous, December 3, 2017 3:42 PM


I discovered your article on researching what different religion's attitudes are to birthdays. As someone who isn't Jewish I would also take the view that they are really not that important. However, as the decades go by I like to be in touch with elderly friends - on significant birthdays like 80 or 90! But of course... not just on their birthdays. Incidentally, my father had an old acquaintance named Jacob - not Jewish but a good man who led a very fruitful and useful life. He died on his 107th birthday very peacefully, surrounded by close family.

(85) Tirtza, July 25, 2017 8:24 AM

An Ode to Birthdays....a Counter Arguement

Today is my birthday.
All those days you celebrate reach back to that one original day.
If you don't have any accomplishments, like those listed by Rabbi Blech, then, maybe you don't have any reason to celebrate that day.
In such a case, maybe, when you reach a certain age, say 65, it's better to say "enough already," and start looking forward to the day when you will relieved of all this wordly trouble.

I knew a man who had a theory that many of the prohibitions in the Torah were a reaction against the way of life of the Egyptians. Of course, not so, but still I would not discount the celebration of a birthday just because Pharaoh celebrated his.
A birthday can be a day of reflection on what good things one has accomplished with their life, eveybody might not have as nice a list as Rabbi Blech but most can find something worthy of celebrating...No?

(84) Miriam, July 25, 2017 12:15 AM

my thoughts and feelings always!!!

thank you!!! finally, an article validating my strong held belief that birthday celebrations are NOT part of our mesorah. I dont celebrate my birthday, I use that day to contemplate my life, the past year, and my future goals. For my children, I try to make the day about saying thank you to others, grandparents and parents especially, and about giving to others. However, it is difficult when classmates, cousins, grandparents etc all make big bashes and give and receive presents... but thats for a different time. EIther way, thank you for a wonderful article! I will be passing this one on to others.

(83) rhea, July 19, 2017 12:47 AM

Because it celebrates another year of successfully remaining alive.

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