click here to jump to start of article
Join Our Newsletter

Get latest articles and videos with Jewish inspiration and insights​

Dating Maze #362: Marriage Prep
Dating Advice 362

Dating Maze #362: Marriage Prep

We don’t want to make mistakes and learn the hard way!


Dear Rosie & Sherry,

My fiance and I are both in our twenties. We both come from divorced homes, and so many of our friends who have tried marriage are finding it difficult to succeed.

We are determined to break the cycle. Rather than make our own mistakes and learn the hard way, we want to get some good guidance beforehand.

What are the pitfalls we need to be aware of? What are the best books/seminars/counseling that you can suggest for us before getting married? We want to be as prepared as possible.


Dear Scott,

First of all, we want to wish you mazel tov on your engagement. You and your fiancée are wise to want to prepare yourselves for the biggest transition in your lives – before it actually happens. Even though the real understanding will only come once you actually live together as husband and wife, the tools you acquire beforehand will make the adjustment much smoother than it might otherwise be.

Because marriage is such an ancient convention, many people mistakenly assume that it’s “natural” and therefore they don't think about preparing themselves emotionally for this new stage of life. They focus a tremendous amount of time, energy and money on the wedding celebration itself, and on the furnishing of the home they plan to share – while assuming that after the wedding the relationship will fall neatly into place.

The first year of marriage can be a rollercoaster ride.

Why is it that no one – not parents, not married friends – tells them that the first year of marriage is a bit of a rollercoaster ride? They can move from feeling content to overwhelmed, ecstatic to frustrated, secure to unprepared, thrilled to terrified – then back up and down again. It's all part of the process of transitioning from the flurry of activity surrounding the engagement and wedding to a regular life routine; getting accustomed to each other's rhythms, habits, outlooks, and ways of doing things; and learning how to balance each person's individual needs and wants with those of their partner.

Couples who understand that the first stage of marriage involves significant changes and challenges, and prep themselves with the tools to help adjust, will inevitably have a smoother transition. Interestingly, Judaism has a built-in mechanism to help ensure this. The Torah (Deut. 24:5) exempts a new husband from military duty for the first year of marriage, to enable the new couple to focus on strengthening their emotional bond. Judaism uses the term "shana rishona" (the first year) to reinforce the special character of this "honeymoon" year, and continues to call them bride and groom as a way of encouraging them to treasure their newlywed status.

Why do people diligently prepare for other major changes in their lives, but don't prepare for married life? Someone who's scheduled to relocate to another country for work will study that language, culture and social mentality. High school seniors usually don't blindly apply to colleges – they pour over brochures, visit campuses, speak to students and teachers, and explore courses and majors. And have you ever looked at the nightstands of a couple who are about to become parents for the first time? They're piled high with books about pregnancy, childbirth, and the first year of a baby's life.

Different Strokes

So what should a man and woman “study” in order to prepare for married life? One area involves reasonable expectations – about what marriage is and what they can expect during their first year together. Often, each person comes into marriage with the sense that their lifestyle until now is the way things "ought to be." And yet, each person has a different approach to waking and sleeping cycles, meals, household responsibilities, gender roles, handling frustration, dealing with finances, resolving problems, communicating needs, etc. The challenge, therefore, is for the couple to appreciate their separate approaches and integrate them in a workable way. Spouses who come from dysfunctional families face an added challenge, because they don't want to emulate many aspects of their upbringing, and they may not have the skills for implementing an alternative approach.

The days of “enjoying time together with no responsibilities” are gone.

Another misconception: Many couples expect that after marriage, they'll relate to each other pretty much the same way they did when they were dating – i.e. enjoying their time together with no real responsibilities. And while they will always want to make “enjoyable time” a central part of their marriage, it’s not always easy to maintain amidst a daily routine of chores, bill-paying, laundry and meal-preparation. They also need to juggle relationships with in-laws and balance their personal space, interests and friends with their husband-and-wife relationship.

In all these areas, marriage education can help new husbands and wives learn how to address these changes and adapt more easily to the realities of married life.

Many marriage educators think of marriage preparation as a form of insurance that can do more than just help new couples get a good start together. Because marriage education helps them develop healthy relationship skills early on, the result is typically a stronger, happier, and more enduring marriage. They acquire different perspectives and skills, needed encouragement, and the reminder that what they're experiencing is part of the normal transition to married life.

We've also found that many engaged people feel less anxious about adjustment to the "great unknown" when they take advantage of marriage preparation resources.

The Resources

So, where does an engaged couple get started? We suggest enrolling in a marriage education course that addresses topics such as communication, roles and responsibilities, conflict resolution and decision-making, financial management, intimacy, and in-laws. Most are open to engaged and newlywed couples. Some of the programs we're familiar with are Prepare and Enrich (Known as Choices of the Heart in Israel) or the Shalom Task Force workshop in New York.

Judaism also has a longstanding tradition of marriage preparation classes. Customarily, brides and grooms are taught the laws of Jewish family purity, as well as optimal ways to treat each other and develop their relationship on emotional and physical levels. Rebbetzin Fayge Twerski's article, “The Intimate Road, offers a good overview of these laws and their origin. Today, the best teachers devote a lot of time to discussing the emotional and practical aspects of a spousal relationship, because couples often don't learn about it elsewhere. These classes are often taught one-on-one, and they usually compliment, but don't replace, the range of topics covered in most marriage education workshops.

There are a number of excellent books to read during you engagement – and review again in the months, and years, following your wedding:

  • The River, The Kettle, and the Bird – by Rabbi Aaron Feldman
  • What Did You Say? – by Rabbi Simcha Cohen
  • The Hard Questions: 100 Essential Questions to Ask Before You Say I Do – by Susan Piver
  • The Garden of Peace – by Rabbi Shalom Arush (for men)
  • Women's Wisdom – by Rabbi Shalom Arush (for women)
  • In The Beginning – by Rosie Einhorn and Sherry Zimmerman

Bear in mind that each of these books suggests slightly different ways for couples to attain marital harmony, and it's a good idea for the two of you to discuss what you think will work best for you. Once you're married and begin to experience life together, you can adapt the approach that best fits your relationship.

Some engaged and newly-married couples prefer to work privately with a therapist who specializes in marriage education. They may prefer the one-on-one aspect, or feel that these private sessions are a better way to address their particular concerns and needs. Bear in mind that many capable marriage educators are trained to present a particular workshop, but may not be qualified to work privately on issues that are beyond the scope of their training. So it's a good idea to ask about the experience and credentials of anyone you plan to see privately.

We commend you for giving this the serious attention it deserves. But even after you have settled into a comfortable and successful marriage routine, it’s good to nurture your marriage and make it even stronger. Some organizations sponsor Jewish Marriage Encounter and marriage enrichment retreats.

We hope this information gets you started on a joyful journey together.

Rosie & Sherry

July 7, 2012

Submit Your Dating Advice Question (Click here)

Give Tzedakah! Help create inspiring
articles, videos and blogs featuring timeless Jewish wisdom.
The opinions expressed in the comment section are the personal views of the commenters. Comments are moderated, so please keep it civil.

Visitor Comments: 7

(7) Mindy Schaper, July 18, 2012 2:53 AM

Marriage study is the way to go

I completely agree that stepping into a marriage without any preparation is insane. Since I was 16, I spent years reading, thinking, observing, and trying to work on my relationship and self-esteem skills to help myself have a better marriage. I read every book I could get my hand on- particularly on dating and choosing the right person- took classes, observed good and bad marriages, spoke to people, and tried to become a more stable, emotionally secure, giving, patient person. The year before I got married, my best friend and I attended school in a foreign country together, and spent a lot of time together. Although we have a lot in common, there was a lot that was dissimilar about our lifestyles and personalities, and we had to work with each other a lot that year. Working very very hard to maintain a good relationship when we had such different ways of viewing and working with life was an incredible challenge, and successfully managing that was very useful for my marriage, where I was much more compatible with my husband. I would say that the only reason my husband and I have such a good marriage, where we almost never argue and are almost always good tempered, is because of the proper choice we did and the work we do/did on becoming more relaxed, forgiving, selfless, communicative, healthy people.

(6) Devora, July 13, 2012 12:54 AM

Brilliant Strategy

I'm unfortunately divorced for a long time ,so its too late for me to work out my marriage challenges this way but I look forward to getting married again soon(Meretz Hashem) and I will definetly approach my new marriage with both a different attitude, different expectations and a spirit of partnership and working things out for us as a team. I totally look forward to it and may hashes send me my zivug beeshaa tova

(5) Batya, July 11, 2012 4:55 AM

Gratitude is the key

I've been blessed with a wonderful man... who occasionally drives me nuts! We're both divorced and are totally committed to making _this_ marriage work. One constant thought in my mind - whether my mood is good or if I'm feeling irritated - is that he is the partner that HaShem gave to me: to work with, build a life together, and grow from our experiences. I focus on maintaining an attitude of GRATITUDE toward the goal of having a healthy marriage. In analyzing my past relationship, I see that I let my own ego get in the way of being the best wife I could be. In actuality, being irritated, grumpy, or uncommunicative didn't fix issues. By feeling grateful for my spouse, I am able to get past my feelings of the minute. I suggest that this is a trait that is easy to cultivate and keep up. Mazel tov on your engagement and may you have a happy marriage.

(4) Anonymous, July 10, 2012 6:45 PM

Protect each other from intrusive parents

It is vital that the new couple become a team that protects one another from in-laws who "mean well," but become annoyingly intrusive. That means the member of the couple whose parent is at fault needs to step up and take one for the team and explain clearly and respectfully to the prying parent that you appreciate their insights, but you and your spouse look at things differently and will figure this out on your own.

(3) Anonymous, July 10, 2012 3:37 PM

don't rush in

I am familiar with a newly married couple that are going through the rollercoaster you have mentioned.Only less than 6 months into the marriage-there are daily arguments and insensitivity.Both are from dati\haredi backgrounds and they dated for over 4 months before he popped the question.The bride spent a few sessions with a marriage guidance person .Both are students but he has taken upon himself to work part time to ease the financial burden-the parents are also helping financially. I feel the pressure in the haredi world to get married young is harmful in that the couple should finish their studies and then embark on this journey.The baby question looms very large at the beginning of the journey and adds even more pressure.How can they begin starting a family with no funds and study and run a home? I would advise to wait till the studies are over-to attend marriage guidance together to thrash out issues-in other words-to not get pressured-and to be proper mature adults when embarking on such a responsible part of your lives.

See All Comments

Submit Your Comment:

  • Display my name?

  • Your email address is kept private. Our editor needs it in case we have a question about your comment.

  • * required field 2000
Submit Comment