In 1920, Henry Ford issued an "apology" for publishing excerpts from the Protocols of the Elders of Zion in his newspaper, Dearborn Independent. Protocols is an anti-Semitic forgery purporting to be the conspiratorial discussions of the Jewish elders plotting to take over the world. Thanks in large part to Ford, Protocols was -- next to the Bible -- the best-selling book in the world during the 1920s. The Independent also published, in Ford's name, several anti-Jewish articles; these were published in the 1920s as a 4-volume set entitled, The International Jew, the World's Foremost Problem. These books were distributed through Ford's car dealerships. Prior to World War II, Ford lavished praise on Adolf Hitler and the Nazi philosophy, and there is evidence that Ford gave Hitler direct financial backing. In 1938, Ford was awarded (and accepted) the Grand Cross of the Order of the German Eagle, Nazi Germany's highest honorary award given to foreigners. Even today, Ford's writings are used as propaganda by neo-Nazi groups.
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