click here to jump to start of article
  • Torah Reading: Naso
Join Our Newsletter

Get latest articles and videos with Jewish inspiration and insights​

Bringing Children to a Funeral

Bringing Children to a Funeral

Was I wrong to bring our 10-year-old daughter to her grandfather's funeral?


Last week my father-in-law passed away. Our 10-year-old daughter asked if she could attend the funeral and my husband and I didn't know what to do.

On the one hand, our daughter was very close to her zaidie whom she would visit at least once a week. As we live only three short blocks from his home, she would often walk over by herself just to say hello.

Two months prior to his passing, my father-in-law was hospitalized. From then on, she had no contact with him, even though she repeatedly asked to visit him, because the hospital did not allow children onto his floor and he was too weak to speak on the phone. So it seemed only right to allow her to come.

On the other hand, she had never attended a funeral before and we were not sure if she would be able to handle it. We had no one to ask about this and had to decide quickly. With much ambivalence, in the end, we decided to let her attend.

Three days later, when I was in my father-in-law's kitchen preparing lunch for the mourners, one of my sisters-in-law came in and scolded me for having brought our daughter. "Children have no place at a funeral," she said. "You should have known better. This could have been traumatic for her. That was an irresponsible thing for you to do."

Now I'm not sure we made the correct decision. Even though our daughter seems to have dealt with the whole thing quite well, I would very much like to hear your views on bringing children to a funeral. Do you agree with my sister-in-law that we acted irresponsibly? What would you have recommended if we had consulted with you?

I believe that you acted correctly. Don't let someone else's unjustified criticism undermine your confidence in your own judgment.

For the sake of others who may find themselves, God forbid, in a similar predicament, let me share the following guidelines I used to arrive at my assessment of your decision.

All children do not have the same level of maturity. Ask any elementary school teacher or rebbi and they will confirm this fact of life. Some children are immature, acting more like children who are chronologically much younger. Other children, however, display an emotional maturity comparable to children much older.

Age should not be the deciding factor; more important is the child's emotional maturity.

When assessing whether or not a child is "old enough" for anything, the age of the child should not be the deciding factor. What is more important is the child's emotional maturity.

When it comes to deciding, therefore, whether or not to allow a child to attend a funeral, there can be no fixed age limits or cutoff point. The decision, then, must be based on an individualized assessment of the motivation and coping skills of that child.

Regarding the motivation, the question must always be asked, "Whose desire is it that this child should attend the funeral?" If relatives of the child would like the child to be present, that is not sufficient justification. The needs of the child should always supersede the wishes of any adult.

In your case, it was your daughter's wish to attend the funeral of her zaidie. And there appears to have been good reason for her to want to do so. As she was denied access to him during his final illness, her presence at the funeral could help her bring closure to the obviously fond relationship she had with this important person in her life.

The coping skills are more difficult to assess. In order to do that fully, one must take into consideration how the child has dealt with potentially stressful experiences in the past. Does this child shy away from anything which could be frightening, unpleasant or even gruesome? If so, then this child may not be ready to attend his or her first funeral.

If, on the other hand, this child has demonstrated an ability to maintain his or her emotional equilibrium in potentially stressful situations, then he or she may be able to handle the experience of attending a funeral.

In your case, the fact that your daughter asked to see her grandfather in the hospital indicates that she may not be so squeamish as to fear a hospital visit. If so, then she may have already demonstrated a higher level of maturity.

Perhaps the best method of measuring children's emotional maturity level and coping skills is to describe in detail what actually happens at a funeral. Do not sugarcoat it for them. And do not exaggerate it, either. Simply walk them through what they will see and what they can expect to hear. Tell them that people will be crying, some uncontrollably. Tell them how long it will take. And tell them that they may leave at any time if they feel it is too much for them.

After giving them this orientation, ask them if that is what they thought happens at a funeral. Do they still want to attend? If the answer is "yes," and they have managed well in the past in potentially stressful situations, then you should allow a child to attend the funeral of a close relative.

Related Article: Kids and Stress

Returning to your original questions, I believe you acted correctly and responsibly in allowing your daughter to attend her zaidie's funeral. And the only mistake you made was allowing your sister-in-law's misguided condemnation to undermine your trust in your own good judgment.

From your letter, there was no indication whether your sister-in-law was a daughter of the deceased, a daughter-in-law, or related to you from the other side of your family. If she was a daughter and therefore one of the mourners, her response to you may need to be viewed in light of the pain of her loss. If she was not a mourner but only a daughter-in-law like yourself, I wonder how she handled the question of funeral attendance with her own children. Did she not allow them to attend and later regretted her decision? Was she feeling guilty and needing to attack you to make herself feel better? Perhaps she saw your decision as showing her up in some way?

Regardless of your sister-in-law's motives, you could have responded to her in a non-confrontational manner. For example, you could have said, "I believe that parents should decide on a case-by-case basis what is in the best interest of each child. My husband and I carefully deliberated with each other and concluded that she should be allowed to attend. Had you participated in our discussion, I'm sure you would have agreed that we did act responsibly."

Excerpted from Partners in Parenting by Dr. Meir Wikler, Artscroll publications.

July 16, 2011

Give Tzedakah! Help create inspiring
articles, videos and blogs featuring timeless Jewish wisdom.
The opinions expressed in the comment section are the personal views of the commenters. Comments are moderated, so please keep it civil.

Visitor Comments: 44

(41) Anonymous, November 21, 2017 3:03 PM

When I was a teenager, my beloved Zaide became ill and my parents decided that, instead of taking me to visit him, they should distract me long enough to not take me. They figured that I'd be better off not seeing him that way. I was angry for a long time, especially since I never saw him again because he died only about a month later. I sometimes think that the only reason they let me come to the funeral was that they were afraid that someone would wonder why this granddaughter wasn't there. At least my parents did make up for it (sort of) by taking me to visit my beloved Bubby when she became ill. I last saw her about a week before she died. As bad as it was, her face lit up when she saw me. And I had a chance to say goodbye at her funeral too.

Instead of worrying about whether or not the child can handle such things, we need to worry about how terrible it will be if we don't give them the chance to learn about these things, say goodbye, and get closure. If it turns out that they're not mature enough to handle it, we can deal with that. Have another adult available to remove the child if he/she gets truly disruptive (crying isn't disruptive unless it gets too loud).

I understand that there are those who might be afraid that a child cannot handle such things, but I think these parents did the right thing. Remember that Levayat HaMet is a mitzvah and if the child wants to do a mitzvah, we should not discourage that.

(40) Sarah Rivka, May 15, 2014 4:58 AM

attending funerals

I didn't attend my first funeral until I was 18 and to this day I find funerals to be very difficult for me. I think children are more resilient and accept things that they're allowed to get used to from a young age. However, I don't remember having a desire to go to a funeral as a child. But I think I would be able to handle them better if I had attended a funeral as a child. And no, I don't think I'm immature- Actually I've been told many times that I'm very mature. (Not saying this to brag- just to avoid anyone coming to the conclusion that I didn't want to attend funerals due to immaturity.) My personality is such that intensely emotional (sad) situations like that are hard for me. I honestly would rather grieve by myself than be in the middle of everyone grieving intensely. But that's just me.

(39) Anonymous, January 8, 2013 9:41 PM

Should a 13year old attend their uncles funeral?

Hello, My great Uncle died last week & my grandad doesn't want me to attend the funeral because it will be too upsetting for me, but my cousin's (one aged 12&the other 13) are going. My mum won't take me because my grandad don't want me to go but I think that it should be between me&my mum wheather or not I should/want to go to the funeral. Could I have comments to who's desision this should be? My mum's or my grandad's??? X

Anonymous, March 5, 2013 11:24 PM

Yes. Go.

I was 4 when my great-grandmother died and my mother thought I was too young. She regretted that her entire life. At 32 I am still unable to let go of her, because I wasnt' allowed to grieve. 4 is not too young to go and 13 isn't either. It's about grieving and maturity, not age.

(38) andi, November 13, 2012 11:02 PM

no child is too young

This is crazy. I understand that some children can't behave long enough to attend a funeral, but all children have a right to be part of the collective grieving process and that includes attending services. Really- what message do you give kids when you exclude them? that grief can be ignored? is scary? is something to avoid? It's very insensitive and as parents we have a responsibility to help our children work through these feelings appropriately. Instead many grown ups shut children out of the real happenings so that they can wallow in grief and drink alot or what ever

See All Comments

Submit Your Comment:

  • Display my name?

  • Your email address is kept private. Our editor needs it in case we have a question about your comment.

  • * required field 2000
Submit Comment