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Tears on Tisha BAv

Tears on Tisha BAv

Do we appreciate the loss of the Temple to the extent that it brings us to tears?

    If I forget you Jerusalem
    May I forget my right hand
    May my tongue cleave to the roof of my mouth
    If I ever don't think of you
    If I don't raise up Jerusalem above my highest joy

    - Psalms 137:5,6

The first historic tragedy to occur on Tisha B'Av was when the Jews in the generation of Moses accepted the Spies' slanderous report, thereby squandering the chance to fulfill their destiny in Israel.

Upon hearing the negative report about Israel, the people sat down to cry. The land had been promised, but their fears prevented them from going forward. At which point God responds: “Today you cried for nothing; in the future I'll give you a real reason to cry.” (Talmud - Ta'anit 29a)

And we've been crying ever since. Both tears of sadness and tears of hope. The Western Wall in Jerusalem is also called the "Wailing Wall," because of all the tears Jews have shed there over the centuries.

During the 1900-year exile, Jews would travel to Jerusalem at great expense and danger, just to have the chance to pray at the Wall. There, they would pour their hearts out to G-d, beseeching him for Jewish redemption. They watered the Wall with their tears and melted the stones with their kisses.

The story is told of Napoleon walking through the streets of Paris. As he passed by a synagogue, he heard the sound of people weeping inside. He turned to his assistant and asked, "What's going on inside there?"

"Today is Tisha B'Av," came the reply, "and the Jews are mourning the loss of their Temple."

Napoleon looked toward the synagogue and said, "If the Jews are still crying after so many hundreds of years, then I am certain the Temple will one day be rebuilt!"

Do we appreciate the loss of the Temple to the extent that it brings us to tears? This is precisely the level we strive to achieve on Tisha B'Av.

The following story is told about the Chasam Sofer, the great 19th century Hungarian rabbi:


    Once, on the afternoon before Tisha B'Av, the Chasam Sofer would neither study Torah nor write responsa. He simply closed himself in a room.

    One of his disciples, Reb Moshe, could not restrain his curiosity and he quietly opened the door of the room. He saw the Chasam Sofer weeping bitterly over the destruction of the Temple, his tears falling into a glass in front of him.

    At the meal before the fast, the Chasam Sofer drank from the tears collected in the glass, in fulfillment of the verse (Psalms 80:6): "You fed them with the bread of tears, and gave them tears to drink in great measure."

We must feel the pain of exile if we have any hope of reversing it. Like orphans who never knew their parents, we risk going about our daily lives insensitive to the lack of a healthy spiritual world. On Tisha B'Av, we strive to understand what the loss of the Temple means - and how we can connect with our destiny, our struggle, our mission and our identity as a people.

When the Jewish People were slaves in Egypt, the redemption did not come about until they cried out to G-d (see Exodus 3:7). So too, the future redemption will follow the same pattern: When the Jewish People cry out to the Almighty, He will hear their cry and redeem them.

The Talmud (Brachot 32b) teaches that when the Temple was destroyed, all the Gates of Heaven were closed - except for one. That is the Gate of Tears. This Tisha B'Av, we must remember that the tears we shed for the destruction are precisely those tears which bring about redemption.

thanks to Rabbi Aryeh Leib Nivin

June 22, 2002

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Visitor Comments: 5

(5) Anonymous, July 23, 2007 1:08 PM

wow, thank you so mcu for sucha an inspirational article!

(4) Ednah, August 15, 2005 12:00 AM

Renewed Faith

Thank you for your article on Tisha B'Av-the ninth of Av, I have been so enriched with all your teachings. I am a Saphardic Jew from New Mexico, my goal is to learn as much as I can of my long lost Jewish roots and return home to Israel. Shalom, and blessings to you.

(3) C. Levy, August 13, 2005 12:00 AM

But how do I feel the destruction?

The Article on the importace of tears on Tisha B'av illustrated the importance of crying on this day but not how to come to it. I have gone to speeches and read articles on tis topic for many years but if one is unable to cry, or does not feel the pain to that extant, what do we do? How can we fully appreciate the oss of the bais hamikdash to that extent?

(2) Anonymous, July 27, 2005 12:00 AM

Why so important?

Unfortunately, I feel that I really don't know what it means to have lost the bais hamikdash. I can understand that it's important to cry on Tisha B'av because thats the only way to have the Bais Hamikdash rebuilt. I can understand that Hashem will only rebuild the temple when He sees that we truly desire it. But frankly, I don't feel like I'm missing all that much by not having the Bais Hamikdash

(1) Yochanan Gordon, July 2, 2002 12:00 AM

Hashem always keeps the shaar hadimaos open, being that the reason for creation was the ultimate redemption. And this will come about through crying over the loss of the beis hamikdash

This was the first Article that I read authored by Rabbi Shraga Simmons. I thought it was precise and to the point, as is every effective article. And he delivered a very clear message.

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