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Historic Timeline

Historic Timeline

If an ancient Selucid asked you for directions, would you be able to show him back to his continent and to his period in history?

by Staff

The following charts are designed to give you a sense of the flow of events that took place during the period of Chanukah and to place them in the broader context of Jewish history.

If the mention of a clash between the Trojans and the Spartans evokes images of the Rose Bowl, if the word Acropolis reminds you of your favorite Greek restaurant, and if you can't remember if it was Antiochus, Achashverosh or Aristophanes who married Queen Esther – then you will find the following historical overview helpful.

Abraham and Sarah 1671 BCE
Egyptian slavery begins 1428 BCE
Exodus and Torah at Mt. Sinai 1312 BCE
Jewish People enter Israel 1272 BCE
First Temple built 825 BCE
First Temple destroyed;
Babylonian exile begins 422 BCE
Purim Events 355 BCE
Second Temple built 352 BCE
Miracle of Chanukah 165 BCE
Second Temple destroyed;
Roman exile begins 70 CE
Babylonian Talmud compiled 500 CE
First Crusade 1096 CE
Expulsion of Spanish Jewry 1492
Rise of Chassidism 1772
First Zionist Congress 1897
Holocaust 1939
Rebirth of Israel 1948
Reunification of Jerusalem 1967

Athens defeats Persia at Marathon 490 BCE
Plato; Greek philosophy 400 BCE
Sparta defeats Athens 352 BCE
Philip of Macedon rules Greece 338 BCE
Alexander the Great rules Greece 336 BCE
Alexander dies;
Ptolemies control Egypt and Israel 323 BCE
Selucid Syrian/Greeks conquer Israel 199 BCE
Greek decrees against Judaism;
Desecration of Temple 168 BCE
Matitiyahu begins revolt in Modi’in 167 BCE
Matitiyahu dies; Judah Maccabee leads
War against Greeks 166 BCE
Temple recaptured;
Miracle of oil occurs 165 BCE
Jewish war against the Greek continues 165-140 BCE
Hasmonean dynasty 140-36 BCE
Rome conquers Jerusalem 63 BCE

October 29, 2002

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Visitor Comments: 3

(3) Rand Sutor, August 17, 2017 1:11 PM

Time line inconsistencies

The key of course, to figuring the date of the Exodus and before, is to correctly date either King David's or King Solomon's reign, because of 1Kings 6:1. However, as I'm sure you know, there are many inconsistencies with this! Any suggestions?

(2) Anonymous, August 2, 2015 5:34 PM

Timeline vs. secular calendar

Secular scholars see the discrepancy between the traditional and secular date of the destruction of the First Temple arising as a result of Jewish sages missing out the reign lengths of several Persian kings during the Persian Empire's rule over Israel. Modern secular scholars tally ten Persian kings whose combined reigns total 208 years. By contrast, ancient Jewish sages only mention four Persian kings totaling 52 years. The reigns of several Persian kings appear to be missing from the traditional calculations.

(1) Samuel Addeo, December 3, 2003 12:00 AM

An invaluable asset

My son recently had a son with a Christian girl. Because of her family's beliefs my son is reluctant to cause any problems by deciding to raise his son Jewish. His girlfriend told me she is willing to learn anything I might offer to help her understand. My quandary: How to make sense of my long winded and wandering "Jewish lessons"? Well to begin, "Chanukah Basics" from Aish.Com. Thank you Aish for being there.

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