click here to jump to start of article
  • Torah Reading: Naso
Join Our Newsletter

Get latest articles and videos with Jewish inspiration and insights​

Unity at Sinai

Unity at Sinai

When the Jewish people stood at Mount Sinai, the entire nation was unified. The lesson is clear for us today.


Throughout the Torah, the Jewish people are always referred to in the plural form. This is evident in Exodus 19:2, which says the Jews "journeyed (vayi'su)... arrived (vaya'vo'u)... encamped (vaya'chanu)" -- all references are in the plural.

But then this verse ends with a surprise: Vayichan sham Yisrael neged ha'har -- "and the Jews encamped (singular) opposite the mountain."

In coming to Sinai, the Jewish people are referred to in the singular form. Rashi says this emphasizes how the entire nation encamped "with a single goal, and a singular desire."

Unity was a prerequisite for Sinai. An event with such earthshaking consequences could only be possible with unity.


How were the Jews able to achieve such unity at Sinai?

In Exodus chapters 15-17, the Jews are having a hard time. There's no water -- and they complain. Then there's no meat -- and they complain. They're so upset that Moses is afraid they'll kill him! Then again no water. The Jews are fighting and bickering terribly.

Then Amalek came and battled Israel. An outside threat shook us. What happened next? The Jews encamped in unity at Sinai.

When Jews are threatened as a people, we get the message loud and clear. We know we are one. In the Six Day War, all Jews stood together. In the struggle for Soviet Jewry, all Jews rallied together. When we're attacked, we become one.

The prophet compares the Jewish people to a "flock of sheep." As the Midrash explains, when one is attacked, they all react.


There is one other instance where the Torah refers to a nation in the singular. Seven weeks earlier, as the Jews approached the Red Sea, they looked back and saw Mitzrayim no'saya acha'ray'hem -- "the Egyptians journeying (singular) after them" (Exodus 14:10). The Egyptians were united in their goal of destroying the Jewish people.

In this instance, unity was negative and destructive. At Sinai, unity led to world civilization. What's the difference?

In referring to the Egyptian unity, Rashi makes a slight change in the order. He says the Egyptians pursued "with a singular desire, and with a single goal." With the Jews, the goal came first. With the Egyptians, the primary emphasis was on personal desire.

If ego, partisanism, and private agendas are what define a people, then they'll destroy themselves and the world. Whereas if a meaningful common goal of God and Torah is what unites, that will bring utopia.

The lesson is clear for us today.

May 14, 2002

Give Tzedakah! Help create inspiring
articles, videos and blogs featuring timeless Jewish wisdom.
The opinions expressed in the comment section are the personal views of the commenters. Comments are moderated, so please keep it civil.

Visitor Comments: 4

(4) dina, May 28, 2009 11:29 AM

i agree am yisroel chai!!!!!

(3) Gloria Putnam, June 6, 2008 7:24 AM


Beautifully said. A people certainly cannot stand if divided.Unity is the key whether a husband/wife, parent/child or a people. If it were not for unity, the Jewish people would not exist. How else could they have never lost a war???
I love this website. It is outstanding!

(2) Anonymous, June 11, 2005 12:00 AM

Great article!

Beautiful article- Everyone should read it, especially regarding the situation in Israel

(1) Stephen Vertin, August 9, 2002 12:00 AM

I Read A Great Deal Of Your Website. I Found It Nourishing.

I am a serious seeker of God. I stumbled on to your site in my search. I appreciated the hard work gone into the websites construction and the information was spectacular. It was eye opening and pleasing to my soul. It brought me great joy and an appreciation and new understanding of your beliefs. God bless you for its construction.

Submit Your Comment:

  • Display my name?

  • Your email address is kept private. Our editor needs it in case we have a question about your comment.

  • * required field 2000
Submit Comment