click here to jump to start of article
Join Our Newsletter

Get latest articles and videos with Jewish inspiration and insights​

Learn Hebrew: Water!

Learn Hebrew: Water!

Speaking about the source of life.


Water – the source of life! We need water for drinking, cleaning, irrigating, cooling and other industrial purposes. We need water for fun and pleasure, for survival, for life. Water has always been a high priority in Judaism and in Israel. In the prayers, we find a blessing for the rain in the fall and for dew in the spring, symbolizing the uncertainty of precipitation in the Holy Land. The Torah itself is compared to water -- our spiritual "life-giving force."

A large part of the drinking water in Israel comes from precipitation pooled on the surface, in places such as the Sea of Galilee (, Kineret) and the Jordan River (, Nehar Hayarden). Water also penetrates through the ground until it reaches hard rock and accumulates there as underground wate(, mey tehom). We can obtain this water through natural springs (, ma'ayan) or through wells (, be'er).

Everyone in Israel pays attention to the Sea of Galilee's water level (, miflas hakineret) with anxiety and hope. This unique freshwater lake, located below sea level, is the lowest freshwater lake on earth. People in Israel are pleased when the water level reaches 208.9 meters below sea level (upper red line), because this means that the Kineret is full. In such a case the Degania Dam, located at the southern part of the lake, is opened so the water can flow into the Jordan River. The last time the dam was opened was during the stormy winter of 2003-2004.

The national mood is somber when the water surface drops to 213 meters below sea level (the lower red line). At that point, no water is pumped from the lake.

As the population of Israel rises, water consumption increases. In other words, the water exploitation is higher than the regeneration of water. In Israel, some methods used to overcome this problem are:

•  Recycling waste water (, hashavat kolchin) -- the treated waste water can be used for irrigation and industry.

•  Water desalination (, hatpalat mayim) – several processes remove excess salt and other minerals from sea water, and transfer it into drinkable fresh water. The current and future desalination plants in Israel are planned to produce 300 million cubic meters of water by the year 2012.

•  Drip irrigation – Israel is a world leader in this field. The modern technology of drip irrigation -- using a plastic emitter -- was invented in Israel by a company called Netafim ("droplets").

Until the amount of fresh water in Israel matches or is above the amount of water consumption, the Israeli public and industry are encouraged to save water.

Water Words

Translation: water
Transliteration: mayim
Part of speech: Noun, Masculine, Plural

Translation: precipitation
Transliteration: mishka'im
Part of speech: Noun, Masculine, Plural

Translation: desalination, desalinization
Transliteration: hatpala
Part of speech: Noun, Feminine

Translation: irrigation
Transliteration: hashkaya
Part of speech: Noun, Feminine

Literal Meaning: drought
Transliteration: batzoret
Part of speech: Noun, Feminine

Proverbs Based on a "Water" Theme

Translation: No water – no life
Transliteration: Bli mayim ein chayim

Translation: Water – the source of life Transliteration: Mayim – mekor hachayim

Hebrew Names Related to Water

Kineret -
A modern girl's name, meaning the Sea of Galilee

Tal –
A modern name for both boys and girls, meaning "dew."

Hebrew Word Search (תִּפְזֹרֶת)

See if you can find all the words in the puzzle below:

- Lirvaya
May you quench your thirst!


July 18, 2009

Article 4 of 15 in the series Learn Hebrew

Give Tzedakah! Help create inspiring
articles, videos and blogs featuring timeless Jewish wisdom.
The opinions expressed in the comment section are the personal views of the commenters. Comments are moderated, so please keep it civil.

Visitor Comments: 6

(6) Fr Dominic Borg,ocd, August 3, 2009 2:38 AM

Excellent project !!!

Many thanks for all your insightful inspirations and explanations. This will help people like me to continue to increase their love for the Hebrew language and G-d's People. May HaShem reward your work. Fr Dominic,ocd London, Ontario.

(5) edson, July 23, 2009 12:33 AM

good to study the hebrew language

i trid hard to learn the hebrew allphabet, this is an oportunity for me , these are more material for my studies.

(4) Barry Jacobs, July 20, 2009 6:51 PM


With all this valuable info about water, I'm thirsty - so - I'll have to get a 'cos she'll mayim. Pardon me if the grammar and spelling is not correct.

(3) Shira Nahari, July 20, 2009 8:37 AM

Great article, wonderful page

You are performing such a fine service by offering lessons like this on-line free for everyone to access! Todah rabbah!

(2) Beatrzi Nagy, July 19, 2009 11:09 PM

Very good!!

It´s a very clevear way for learning Hebrew. I am studying alone for many years but it very hard to have time with 2 children and husband. What a great ideia of Aish. I just saved this lesson to read it manu times. Please keep it up!!! Shalom, Beatriz

See All Comments

Submit Your Comment:

  • Display my name?

  • Your email address is kept private. Our editor needs it in case we have a question about your comment.

  • * required field 2000
Submit Comment