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Learn Hebrew: Trains

Learn Hebrew: Trains

Criss-crossing the Holy Land at high rail speed.


When you land at Ben-Gurion Airport and want to reach Tel-Aviv, Haifa, Modi'in, Herzlia, or many other cities in Israel, you can simply follow the signs pointing to the railway station located within the airport. That way, in a short time, with much comfort and no traffic, you will find yourself at your destination.

Not long after the first public railways were constructed in the 19th century, Sir Moses Montefiore envisioned expanding the railway tracks that had been laid from Egypt to Palestine. However, it took 51 years to lay the first track from Jaffa to Jerusalem. The first train traveled this 82 km (51 mile) distance for the duration of 3 hours and 50 minutes and was welcomed festively into Jerusalem.

In the first half of the 20th century, the tracks connected Haifa to Damascus in the north and extended all the way down to the Sinai Desert to allow the transportation of the Turkish military. In 1942 the British opened the Haifa-Beirut-Tripoli line; the remains of the rails can still be seen in Rosh Hanikra.

For years, however, the train connecting Haifa, Tel-Aviv and Jerusalem worked in an inefficient manner, with winding routes and uncomfortable conditions.

In the 1990s, Israel Railways embarked on an ambitious multi-billion dollar expansion program, refurbishing and upgrading existing lines, and constructing new routes, as well as electrification of much of the system and the purchase of new cars. Today, the tracks cover most of Israel -- from Nahariya in the north to Be'er Sheva in the south. While cars fight the rush-hour traffic, commuters zip through the center of Tel Aviv. All told, more than 35 million passengers traveled by train during 2008.

The new route from Tel-Aviv to Jerusalem is expected to open in 2015 with 44 km (27 miles) of tunnels and 7 km of bridges. Expected travel time is 30 minutes -- as opposed to nearly 4 hours when the Tel-Aviv to Jerusalem route first opened over 100 years ago.

The vision of Moses Montifiore is being realized. If he could see the busy train stations and the trains zipping along the rails, he would surely be satisfied and proud.

The next time you're in Israel, be sure to visit the Railway Museum located at the Haifa east station. There you can see exhibits of milestones in the development of the railway transport in Palestine, including Parlor car #98, which was built in 1922 for dignitaries including Winston Churchill, Ethiopian Emperor Haile Selassie, Queen Elizabeth of Belgium and David Ben Gurion.

Related Vocabulary Words

Translation: train
Transliteration: rakevet
Part of speech: noun, feminine

Translation: railroad cars
Transliteration: karon
Part of speech: noun, masculine

Translation: locomotive engine
Transliteration: katar
Part of speech: noun, masculine

Translation: railway path
Transliteration: mesila
Part of speech: noun, feminine

Translation: rail tracks
Transliteration: pasim
Part of speech: noun, masculine plural

Hebrew Word Search

See if you can find all the words in the puzzle below:

November 14, 2009

Article 9 of 15 in the series Learn Hebrew

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Visitor Comments: 1

(1) Sumner Kaplan, November 15, 2009 10:14 PM

You write as well as you teach. love the TA-Haifa trip.

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