A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z

To search for a food on this list, press CTRL-F

A

Food

Bracha Rishona

Bracha Achrona

Notes

alcoholic beverages

Shehakol

Borei Nefashot

No bracha achrona, if did not drink a revi'it in a few gulps. Bracha achrona for wine is Ha'gafen.

All Bran (cereal)

Shehakol

Borei Nefashot

 

almond

Ha'aitz

Borei Nefashot

 

Almond Delight (cereal)

Mezonot

Al Ha'michya

 

Alpha Bits (cereal)

Mezonot

Al Ha'michya

 

anchovies

Shehakol

Borei Nefashot

 

apple

Ha'aitz

Borei Nefashot

 

apple cake

Mezonot

Al Ha'michya

 

apple juice / cider

Shehakol

Borei Nefashot

 

apple pie

Mezonot

Al Ha'michya

If didn't eat a kezayit of crust within 3-4 minutes, the bracha achrona is Borei Nefashot.

apple sauce - chunky

Ha'aitz

Borei Nefashot

 

apple sauce - smooth (strained)

Shehakol

Borei Nefashot

 

apple strudel

Mezonot

Al Ha'michya

If very thin strip of dough, bracha is Ha'aitz and Borei Nefashot.

apricot

Ha'aitz

Borei Nefashot

 

apricot jam/jelly - with fruit pieces

Ha'aitz

Borei Nefashot

This is usually tafel, so only say a bracha if eaten alone.

apricot jam/jelly - without fruit pieces

Shehakol

Borei Nefashot

This is usually tafel, so only say a bracha if eaten alone.

artichoke

Ha'adama

Borei Nefashot

 

asparagus

Ha'adama

Borei Nefashot

 

asparagus soup

Ha'adama

Borei Nefashot

 

aspirin

none

none

 

aspirin, children's (if pleasant tasting)

Shehakol

none

No after-bracha, since a kezayit volume is not consumed

avocado

Ha'aitz

Borei Nefashot

 

B

bagel

Hamotzee

Birkat Hamazon

 

baked apple

Ha'aitz

Borei Nefashot

 

baked beans

Ha'adama

Borei Nefashot

 

bamboo shoots

Ha'aitz

Borei Nefashot

 

banana

Ha'adama

Borei Nefashot

 

banana bread

Mezonot

Al Ha'michya

If eaten as (or with) a meal, say Hamotzee and Birkat Hamazon.

banana chips

Ha'adama

Borei Nefashot

 

banana split ice cream

Shehakol + Ha'adama

Borei Nefashot

Both brachot must be said because both foods are desired.

barley (cooked)

Mezonot

Al Ha'michya

 

barley soup

Mezonot + Shehakol

Al Ha'michya

If the barley is majority, then only say Mezonot

bean soup

Ha'adama

Borei Nefashot

 

beans

Ha'adama

Borei Nefashot

 

beef

Shehakol

Borei Nefashot

 

beef stew (potatoes and meat)

Ha'adama +
Shehakol

Borei Nefashot

If small pieces, and either the meat or potatoes is the majority (ikar), then say only one bracha rishona.

beer

Shehakol

Borei Nefashot

 

beets

Ha'adama

Borei Nefashot

 

blackberries

Ha'aitz

Borei Nefashot

 

blintzes

Mezonot

Al Ha'michya

 

blueberries

Ha'aitz

Borei Nefashot

 

bologna

Shehakol

Borei Nefashot

 

borekas

Mezonot

Al Ha'michya

If eaten as (or with) a meal, say Hamotzee and Birkat Hamazon.

borscht 

Ha'adama

Borei Nefashot

 

bourbon

Shehakol

none

since typically do not drink a revi'it in a few gulps

bran

Shehakol

Borei Nefashot

 

Bran Chex (cereal)

Shehakol

Borei Nefashot

 

Bran Flakes (cereal)

Mezonot

Al Ha'michya

 

bran muffins

Mezonot

Al Ha'michya

If eaten as (or with) a meal, say Hamotzee and Birkat Hamazon.

brandy

Shehakol

none

since typically do not drink a revi'it in a few gulps

brazil nuts

Ha'aitz

Borei Nefashot

 

bread

Hamotzee

Birkat Hamazon

 

bread sticks 

Mezonot

Al Ha'michya

If eaten as (or with) a meal, ezonot if it has a thick coating.

breaded chicken or fish

Shehakol

Borei Nefashot

Say Mezonot if it has a thick coating.

broccoli

Ha'adama

Borei Nefashot

 

broth (vegetable)

Ha'adama

Borei Nefashot

 

brownies

Mezonot

Al Ha'michya

 

Brussels sprouts

Ha'adama

Borei Nefashot

 

bubble gum

Shehakol

none

No bracha achrona, because you only "swallow" the sugar and flavoring, which is less than a kezayit.

buckwheat (kasha)

Ha'adama

Borei Nefashot

Buckwheat is a legume, not a grain. 

bun (bread)

Hamotzee

Birkat Hamazon

 

bun (sweet dough)

Mezonot

Al Ha'michya

If eaten as (or with) a meal, say Hamotzee and Birkat Hamazon.

butter

Shehakol

Borei Nefashot

This is usually tafel, so only say a bracha if eaten alone.

buttermilk

Shehakol

Borei Nefashot

 

C

cabbage

Ha'adama

Borei Nefashot

 

cake

Mezonot

Al Ha'michya

 

calzone (eaten as a meal)

Hamotzee

Birkat Hamazon

Bracha is Mezonot if not eaten as part of a meal.

candy

Shehakol

Borei Nefashot

 

cantaloupe

Ha'adama

Borei Nefashot

 

carob

Ha'aitz

Borei Nefashot

 

carrot

Ha'adama

Borei Nefashot

 

carrot cake

Mezonot

Al Ha'michya

 

carrot juice

Shehakol

Borei Nefashot

 

cashew

Ha'aitz

Borei Nefashot

 

casserole (with noodles or pie crust)

Mezonot

Al Ha'michya

 

cauliflower

Ha'adama

Borei Nefashot

 

celery

Ha'adama

Borei Nefashot

 

celery soup

Ha'adama

Borei Nefashot

 

Cereal - cooked

Mezonot

Al Ha'michya

 

Cereal - puffed (wheat or rice)

Ha'adama

Borei Nefashot

 

Cereal - with corn flour

Shehakol

Borei Nefashot

Wheat starch is added only as binder.

Cereal - with oat flour

Mezonot

Al Ha'michya

 

Cereal - with rice flour

Mezonot

Borei Nefashot

Bracha is Mezonot if not eaten as part of a meal.

Cereal - with wheat flour

Mezonot

Al Ha'michya

 

challah

Hamotzee

Birkat Hamazon

 

champagne

Ha'gafen

Al Ha'gafen

No bracha achrona, if did not drink a revi'it in a few gulps.

Cheerios (cereal)

Mezonot

Al Ha'michya

 

cheese

Shehakol

Borei Nefashot

 

cheese blintzes

Mezonot

Al Ha'michya

 

cheese cake

Mezonot

Al Ha'michya

If very thin crust, bracha rishona is Shehakol. Even with thick crust, if you do not eat a kezayit of crust within 3-4 minutes, say Borei Nefashot.

cherry

Ha'aitz

Borei Nefashot

 

cherry pie

Mezonot

Al Ha'michya

If very thin crust, bracha is Ha'aitz and Borei Nefashot

cherry wine

Shehakol

Borei Nefashot

No bracha achrona, if did not drink a revi'it in a few gulps.

chestnut

Ha'aitz

Borei Nefashot

 

chewing gum

Shehakol

none

No bracha achrona, because you only "swallow" the sugar and flavoring, which is less than a kezayit.

chicken

Shehakol

Borei Nefashot

 

chicken fricassee

Shehakol

Borei Nefashot

 

chicken salad - majority vegetables

Ha'adama

Borei Nefashot

If the majority is chicken - Shehakol.

chicken soup

Shehakol

Borei Nefashot

If has with large pieces of celery or carrot, also say Ha'adama.

chicken soup with noodles, matzah balls, or soup nuts

Mezonot + 
Shehakol

Al Ha'michya +
Borei Nefashot

 

chickpeas

Ha'adama

Borei Nefashot

 

chicory

Ha'adama

Borei Nefashot

 

chili con carne

Shehakol

Borei Nefashot

 

Chinese noodles

Mezonot

Al Ha'michya

 

chives

Shehakol

Borei Nefashot

This is usually tafel, so only say a bracha if eaten alone.

chocolate

Shehakol

Borei Nefashot

 

chocolate cake

Mezonot

Al Ha'michya

 

chocolate covered peanuts

Ha'adama

Borei Nefashot

 

chocolate covered raisins, almonds, cherries

Ha'aitz +
Shehakol

Borei Nefashot

The bracha achrona on raisins is Al Ha'aitz.

chocolate drink

Shehakol

Borei Nefashot

 

chocolate milk

Shehakol

Borei Nefashot

 

cholent

Ha'adama

Borei Nefashot

With kishke, also say Mezonot. If large chunks of meat, also say Shehakol.

chopped liver

Shehakol

Borei Nefashot

 

chow mein - majority vegetables

Ha'adama

Borei Nefashot

If the majority is chicken - Shehakol.

chow mein - with noodles or rice

Mezonot

Al Ha'michya

 

chumus

Shehakol

Borei Nefashot

If still recognizable as chick peas, then say Ha'adama.

cider

Shehakol

Borei Nefashot

 

Cinnamon (raw)

Shehakol

Borei Nefashot

This is usually tafel, so only say a bracha if eaten alone.

cinnamon bread

Hamotzee

Birkat Hamazon

 

cinnamon roll

Mezonot

Al Ha'michya

If eaten as (or with) a meal, say Hamotzee and Birkat Hamazon.

cocoa

Shehakol

Borei Nefashot

No bracha is said on unsweetened cocoa powder.

Cocoa Pebbles (cereal)

Mezonot

Borei Nefashot

 

Cocoa Puffs (cereal)

Shehakol

Borei Nefashot

made from corn flour; wheat starch is added only as binder

coconut

Ha'aitz

Borei Nefashot

whether whole or shredded

coconut milk

Shehakol

Borei Nefashot

 

coffee

Shehakol

Borei Nefashot

No bracha achrona, if did not drink a revi'it in a few gulps.

coffee cake 

Mezonot

Al Ha'michya

 

cognac

Shehakol

Borei Nefashot

No bracha achrona, if did not drink a revi'it in a few gulps.

cola

Shehakol

Borei Nefashot

 

coleslaw

Ha'adama

Borei Nefashot

 

cookies

Mezonot

Al Ha'michya

 

coriander

Shehakol

Borei Nefashot

This is usually tafel, so only say a bracha if eaten alone.

corn

Ha'adama

Borei Nefashot

 

corn bread/muffin - without grain flour

Shehakol

Borei Nefashot

 

corn bread/muffin - with grain flour

Mezonot

Al Ha'michya

If eaten as (or with) a meal, say Hamotzee and Birkat Hamazon.

Corn Chex (cereal)

Shehakol

Borei Nefashot

 

corn chips

Shehakol

Borei Nefashot

 

Corn Flakes (cereal)

Ha'adama

Al Ha'michya

When produced from flattened corn kernels - Ha'adama.  If produced from corn flour, Shehakol.

Corn Pops (cereal)

Ha'adama

Borei Nefashot

 

corn soup

Ha'adama

Borei Nefashot

 

corned beef

Shehakol

Borei Nefashot

 

cottage cheese

Shehakol

Borei Nefashot

 

cotton candy

Shehakol

none

To say a bracha achrona, would need to eat a quantity equal to a kezayit of the original (unspun) sugar

cough drops (flavored)

Shehakol

none

Only say a bracha achrona if you eat a kezayit within 3-4 minutes.

couscous

Mezonot

Al Ha'michya

 

crackers

Mezonot

Al Ha'michya

 

cranberry

Ha'adama

Borei Nefashot

Bracha is Ha'adama, since the bush grows within 9 inches of the ground.

cranberry juice

Shehakol

Borei Nefashot

 

cranberry relish

Ha'adama

Borei Nefashot

Bracha is Ha'adama, since the bush grows within 9 inches of the ground.

cranberry sauce (smooth)

Shehakol

Borei Nefashot

 

cranberry sauce (unstrained)

Ha'aitz

Borei Nefashot

 

cream cheese

Shehakol

Borei Nefashot

 

cream of mushroom soup

Shehakol

Borei Nefashot

 

cream of wheat

Mezonot

Al Ha'michya

 

cream pie

Mezonot

Al Ha'michya

 

cream puff

Mezonot

Al Ha'michya

 

Crispix (cereal)

Mezonot +
Shehakol

Al Ha'michya

Say Mezonot and eat from the dark side; then say Ha'adama and eat from the light side.

croissant

Mezonot

Al Ha'michya

 

croutons

Mezonot

Al Ha'michya

Say Hamotzee if the croutons made from leftover bread.

Crunchy Bran (cereal)

Mezonot

Al Ha'michya

 

cucumber

Ha'adama

Borei Nefashot

 

cucumber salad

Ha'adama

Borei Nefashot

 

cupcake 

Mezonot

Al Ha'michya

 

currants

Ha'aitz

Borei Nefashot

 

custard

Shehakol

Borei Nefashot

 

cutlets - breaded

Shehakol

Borei Nefashot

If thick coating - Mezonot.

D

Danish

Mezonot

Al Ha'michya

 

date bread 

Mezonot

Al Ha'michya

 

dates

Ha'aitz

Al Ha'aitz

 

derma, stuffed (kishke)  

Mezonot

Al Ha'michya

assuming the recipe contains flour

devil's food cake

Mezonot

Al Ha'michya

 

dill pickle

Ha'adama

Borei Nefashot

 

Double Chex (cereal)

Mezonot

Al Ha'michya

 

dough (fried or cooked)

Mezonot

Al Ha'michya

 

doughnut

Mezonot

Al Ha'michya

 

dried fruit

Ha'aitz

Borei Nefashot

If banana - bracha rishona is Ha'adama. If dates, figs or raisins - bracha achrona is Al Ha'aitz

duck

Shehakol

Borei Nefashot

 

dumpling

Mezonot

Al Ha'michya

 

E

eclair

Mezonot

Al Ha'michya

 

egg

Shehakol

Borei Nefashot

 

egg drops (nockerlach)

Mezonot

Al Ha'michya

 

egg nog

Shehakol

Borei Nefashot

 

egg salad

Shehakol

Borei Nefashot

 

eggplant

Ha'adama

Borei Nefashot

 

eggplant parmigiana

Ha'adama

Borei Nefashot

 

enchilada

Shehakol

Borei Nefashot

 

endive

Ha'adama

Borei Nefashot

 

English muffin

Hamotzee

Birkat Hamazon

If sweet and not eaten as (or with) a meal, then say Mezonot / Al Ha'michya.

escarole lettuce

Ha'adama

Borei Nefashot

 

espresso (coffee)

Shehakol

Borei Nefashot

No bracha achrona, if did not drink a revi'it in a few gulps.

etrog jam

Ha'aitz

Borei Nefashot

This is usually tafel, so only say a bracha if eaten alone.

F

falafel (with pita bread)

Hamotzee

Birkat Hamazon

 

falafel balls

Ha'adama

Borei Nefashot

 

farfel

Mezonot

Al Ha'michya

 

farina

Mezonot

Al Ha'michya

 

Fibre One (cereal)

Shehakol

Borei Nefashot

 

figs

Ha'aitz

Al Ha'aitz

 

fish

Shehakol

Borei Nefashot

 

fish sticks

Shehakol

Borei Nefashot

If thick coating - Mezonot.

frankfurter

Shehakol

Borei Nefashot

 

French fries

Ha'adama

Borei Nefashot

 

French toast

Hamotzee

Birkat Hamazon

 

Frosted Flakes (cereal)

Ha'adama

Borei Nefashot

 

frosting

Shehakol

Borei Nefashot

This is usually tafel, so only say a bracha if eaten alone.

Fruit & Fibre (cereal)

Mezonot

Al Ha'michya

 

fruit cake

Mezonot

Al Ha'michya

 

fruit cocktail

Ha'aitz or Ha'adama

Borei Nefashot

Bracha rishona depends on the majority.

fruit juice

Shehakol

Borei Nefashot

 

fruit leather / roll

Shehakol

Borei Nefashot

The fruit is unrecognizable.

Fruit Loops (cereal)

Mezonot

Al Ha'michya

 

Fruit peels (candied or chocolate-covered)

Shehakol

Borei Nefashot

 

fruit punch

Shehakol

Borei Nefashot

 

fruit soup

Ha'aitz

Borei Nefashot

If pureed, the bracha is Shehakol.

Fruity Pebbles (cereal)

Mezonot

Borei Nefashot

 

fudge

Shehakol

Borei Nefashot

 

G

garlic bread

Hamotzee

Birkat Hamazon

 

garlic, cooked or fried

Ha'adama

Borei Nefashot

Raw garlic is Shehakol.

gefilte fish

Shehakol

Borei Nefashot

Even prepared with bread crumbs; the purpose is just to hold the ingredients together.

gelatin desert

Shehakol

Borei Nefashot

 

gherkin

Ha'adama

Borei Nefashot

 

giblets

Shehakol

Borei Nefashot

 

ginger ale

Shehakol

Borei Nefashot

 

ginger bread cookies

Mezonot

Al Ha'michya

 

Golden Grahams (cereal)

Mezonot

Al Ha'michya

 

goose

Shehakol

Borei Nefashot

 

gooseberry

Ha'aitz

Borei Nefashot

 

goulash

Shehakol or Ha'adama

Borei Nefashot

Bracha rishona depends which ingredient is the majority. If large pieces of both meat and potatoes, say a separate bracha on each.

graham crackers

Mezonot

Al Ha'michya

 

granola 

Ha'adama

Borei Nefashot

The oats are toasted, not cooked. If the oat particles adhere to one another, say Mezonot and Al Ha'michya.

grape juice

Ha'gafen

Al Ha'gafen

 

Grape Nuts (cereal)

Mezonot

Al Ha'michya

 

grapefruit

Ha'aitz

Borei Nefashot

 

grapefruit juice

Shehakol

Borei Nefashot

 

grapes

Ha'aitz

Al Ha'aitz

 

gravy

Shehakol

Borei Nefashot

This is usually tafel, so only say a bracha if eaten alone.

green beans

Ha'adama

Borei Nefashot

 

green pepper

Ha'adama

Borei Nefashot

 

grits (cooked)

Mezonot

Al Ha'michya

 

groats (buckwheat)

Ha'adama

Borei Nefashot

Buckwheat is a legume, not a grain. 

guava

Ha'aitz

Borei Nefashot

 

gum

Shehakol

none

No bracha achrona, because you only "swallow" the sugar and flavoring, which is less than a kezayit.

gumdrops

Shehakol

Borei Nefashot

 

H

halvah

Shehakol

Borei Nefashot

 

Hamantashen cookies

Mezonot

Al Ha'michya

 

hamburger

Shehakol

Borei Nefashot

 

hash

Shehakol or Ha'adama

Borei Nefashot

Bracha rishona depends which ingredient - meat or potatoes - is the majority.

hazel nut

Ha'aitz

Borei Nefashot

 

herring

Shehakol

Borei Nefashot

 

hominy grits

Shehakol

Borei Nefashot

 

honey

Shehakol

Borei Nefashot

This is usually tafel, so only say a bracha if eaten alone.

honey cake

Mezonot

Al Ha'michya

 

Honey Nut Cheerios (cereal)

Mezonot

Al Ha'michya

 

Honeycomb (cereal)

Mezonot

Al Ha'michya

 

honeydew melon

Ha'adama

Borei Nefashot

 

horseradish

Shehakol

Borei Nefashot

This is usually tafel, so only say a bracha if eaten alone.

hot chocolate (cocoa)

Shehakol

Borei Nefashot

 

hot dog

Shehakol

Borei Nefashot

 

I

ice coffee

Shehakol

Borei Nefashot

 

ice cream

Shehakol

Borei Nefashot

 

ice cream cake

Mezonot

Al Ha'michya

If you eat the ice cream separately and for its own sake, then also say Shehakol.

ice cream in cone

Shehakol

Borei Nefashot

If sugar cone, first say Mezonot on the cone.

ice cream sandwich

Mezonot + Shehakol

Al Ha'michya

 

ice cream soda

Shehakol

Borei Nefashot

 

ice cream sundae

Shehakol

Borei Nefashot

The toppings are usually considered tafel.

iced tea

Shehakol

Borei Nefashot

 

ices

Shehakol

Borei Nefashot

According to some authorities, a bracha achrona is said only if consumed a revi'it in a few gulps.

Italian bread

Hamotzee

Birkat Hamazon

 

J

jam (with fruit pieces)

Ha'aitz

Borei Nefashot

For strawberry jam, say Ha'adama. This is usually tafel, so only say a bracha if eaten alone.

jam (without fruit pieces)

Shehakol

Borei Nefashot

This is usually tafel, so only say a bracha if eaten alone.

jello-type dessert

Shehakol

Borei Nefashot

If fruit pieces are the majority, say Ha'aitz.

jelly

Shehakol

Borei Nefashot

This is usually tafel, so only say a bracha if eaten alone.

jelly roll

Mezonot

Al Ha'michya

 

K

kasha (buckwheat)

Ha'adama

Borei Nefashot

Buckwheat is a legume, not a grain. 

kasha varnishkes

Mezonot

Al Ha'michya

Varnishkes are bowtie noodles.

ketchup

Shehakol

Borei Nefashot

This is usually tafel, so only say a bracha if eaten alone.

kichel

Mezonot

Al Ha'michya

 

kidney beans

Ha'adama

Borei Nefashot

 

kishke

Mezonot

Al Ha'michya

stuffed derma - contains flour

kiwi

Ha'aitz

Borei Nefashot

 

Kneidelach (matzah balls)

Mezonot

Al Ha'michya

 

knish

Mezonot

Al Ha'michya

 

kohlrabi

Ha'adama

Borei Nefashot

 

kreplach

Mezonot

Al Ha'michya

 

kugel - challah

Hamotzee

Birkat Hamazon

 

kugel - noodle

Mezonot

Al Ha'michya

 

kugel - potato

Ha'adama

Borei Nefashot

If no recognizable pieces of potato, the bracha is Shehakol.

kugel - rice

Mezonot

Borei Nefashot

 

kumquat

Ha'aitz

Borei Nefashot

 

L

lamb

Shehakol

Borei Nefashot

 

lasagna

Mezonot

Al Ha'michya

 

latke

Ha'adama

Borei Nefashot

When made from grated potatoes.

leek

Ha'adama

Borei Nefashot

 

lemon (raw - if edible)

Shehakol

Borei Nefashot

This is usually tafel, so only say a bracha if eaten alone.

lemon juice

Shehakol

Borei Nefashot

This is usually tafel, so only say a bracha if eaten alone.

lemon meringue pie

Mezonot

Al Ha'michya

 

lemonade

Shehakol

Borei Nefashot

 

lentil soup

Ha'adama

Borei Nefashot

 

lentils

Ha'adama

Borei Nefashot

 

lettuce

Ha'adama

Borei Nefashot

 

licorice candy

Shehakol

Borei Nefashot

The flour is only a thickening/binding agent.

licorice extract

Shehakol

Borei Nefashot

 

licorice root (natural)

Ha'adama

Borei Nefashot

 

Life (cereal)

Mezonot

Al Ha'michya

 

lima beans

Ha'adama

Borei Nefashot

 

lime

Shehakol

Borei Nefashot

 

lime juice

Shehakol

Borei Nefashot

 

liqueur

Shehakol

Borei Nefashot

 

liver

Shehakol

Borei Nefashot

 

liverwurst

Shehakol

Borei Nefashot

 

lokshon (noodles)

Mezonot

Al Ha'michya

 

lollipop

Shehakol

Borei Nefashot

Only say a bracha achrona if you eat a kezayit within 3-4 minutes.

lox

Shehakol

Borei Nefashot

 

M

macadamia nut

Ha'aitz

Borei Nefashot

 

macaroni

Mezonot

Al Ha'michya

 

macaroni and cheese

Mezonot

Al Ha'michya

 

macaroons

Shehakol

Borei Nefashot

Made with ground nuts and coconut. If strands of coconut are visible, the bracha is Ha'aitz. If made with grain flour, the bracha is Mezonot.

malted milk

Shehakol

Borei Nefashot

 

Maltex (cereal)

Mezonot

Al Ha'michya

 

mandarin orange

Ha'aitz

Borei Nefashot

 

mandlebread

Mezonot

Al Ha'michya

 

mango

Ha'aitz

Borei Nefashot

 

maraschino cherries

Ha'aitz

Borei Nefashot

 

marshmallow

Shehakol

Borei Nefashot

 

marzipan

Shehakol

Borei Nefashot

 

mashed fruit

Ha'aitz

Borei Nefashot

Mashed fruit typically retains its distinct texture and appearance. (Mashed banana is Ha'adama.)

mashed potatoes

Ha'adama

Borei Nefashot

 

matzah

Hamotzee

Birkat Hamazon

 

matzah ball (kneidel)

Mezonot

Al Ha'michya

 

matzah brei

Hamotzee

 Birkat Hamazon

Say the Hamotzee on bread or matzah. If the pieces of matzah are all less than kezayit, the bracha is Mezonot.

matzah crackers

Mezonot

Al Ha'michya

If eaten as (or with) a meal, say Hamotzee and Birkat Hamazon.

matzah meal cake 

Mezonot

Al Ha'michya

 

matzah, egg

Mezonot

Al Ha'michya

If eaten as (or with) a meal, say Hamotzee and Birkat Hamazon.

mayonnaise

Shehakol

Borei Nefashot

This is usually tafel, so only say a bracha if eaten alone.

meat

Shehakol

Borei Nefashot

 

meat pie (with crust)

Mezonot

Al Ha'michya

 

meatballs

Shehakol

Borei Nefashot

even when matzah meal is added as a binder

meatloaf

Shehakol

Borei Nefashot

If bread crumbs or matzah meal are added for taste (not just as a binder), the bracha is Mezonot.

medicine - plain

none

none

 

medicine - pleasant tasting

Shehakol

none

Only say a bracha achrona if you eat a kezayit within 3-4 minutes.

melba toast

Hamotzee

Birkat Hamazon

 

melon

Ha'adama

Borei Nefashot

 

mezonot roll - as a meal

Hamotzee

Birkat Hamazon

 

mezonot roll - as a snack

Mezonot

Al Ha'michya

 

milk

Shehakol

Borei Nefashot

 

milkshake

Shehakol

Borei Nefashot

 

millet

Ha'adama

Borei Nefashot

 

mints

Shehakol

Borei Nefashot

Only say a bracha achrona if you eat a kezayit within 3-4 minutes.

mock liver

Ha'adama

Borei Nefashot

 

mousse

Shehakol

Borei Nefashot

 

muffin

Mezonot

Al Ha'michya

If eaten as (or with) a meal, say Hamotzee and Birkat Hamazon.

mulberry

Ha'aitz

Borei Nefashot

 

mushroom and barley soup

Mezonot + Shehakol

Al Ha'michya

If the barley is the majority, say only Mezonot.

mushroom omelet

Shehakol

Borei Nefashot

 

mushroom soup

Shehakol

Borei Nefashot

Bracha achrona is said only if eat a kezayit of the solid within 3-4 minutes, or a revi'it of the liquid in a few gulps.

mushrooms

Shehakol

Borei Nefashot

 

mustard

Shehakol

Borei Nefashot

This is usually tafel, so only say a bracha if eaten alone.

N

napoleon

Mezonot

Al Ha'michya

 

nectar (fruit)

Shehakol

Borei Nefashot

 

nectarine

Ha'aitz

Borei Nefashot

 

noodle pudding (kugel)

Mezonot

Al Ha'michya

 

noodle soup

Mezonot + Shehakol

Al Ha'michya

If the noodles are the majority, say only Mezonot.

noodles

Mezonot

Al Ha'michya

 

nut cake with flour

Mezonot

Al Ha'michya

If the flour is only added as a binder, of if made with potato starch, say Shehakol.

nutmeg

Ha'aitz

Borei Nefashot

This is usually tafel, so only say a bracha if eaten alone.

Nutrific (cereal)

Mezonot

Al Ha'michya

 

O

oatmeal

Mezonot

Al Ha'michya

 

oatmeal cookies

Mezonot

Al Ha'michya

 

oats (raw, fresh)

Ha'adama

Borei Nefashot

 

okra

Ha'adama

Borei Nefashot

 

olive

Ha'aitz

Al Ha'aitz

 

omelet

Shehakol

Borei Nefashot

 

onion (cooked or fried)

Ha'adama

Borei Nefashot

 

onion (raw)

Shehakol

Borei Nefashot

 

onion bread or roll

Hamotzee

Birkat Hamazon

 

onion crackers

Mezonot

Al Ha'michya

 

onion rings with heavy coating

Mezonot + Ha'adama

Borei Nefashot

With light coating, say only Ha'adama. For the bracha achrona, since a kezayit of mezonot is usually not eaten within 3-4 minutes, do not say Al Ha'michya, but rather Borei Nefashot.

onion soup

Ha'adama

Borei Nefashot

Bracha achrona is said only if eat a kezayit of the solid within 3-4 minutes, or a revi'it of the liquid in a few gulps. If made from onion flavoring only, say Shehakol.

orange

Ha'aitz

Borei Nefashot

 

orange juice

Shehakol

Borei Nefashot

even with pulp

orange marmalade 

Shehakol

Borei Nefashot

If made with chunks of orange solids, the bracha is Ha'aitz.

P

pancakes

Mezonot

Al Ha'michya

If eaten as (or with) a meal, say Hamotzee and Birkat Hamazon.

papaya

Ha'adama

Borei Nefashot

 

parsley

Shehakol

Borei Nefashot

This is usually tafel, so only say a bracha if eaten alone.

parsnip

Ha'adama

Borei Nefashot

 

Passover cake - from matzah meal

Mezonot

Al Ha'michya

 

Passover cake - from potato starch

Shehakol

Borei Nefashot

 

pastrami

Shehakol

Borei Nefashot

 

pastry

Mezonot

Al Ha'michya

 

pea soup

Ha'adama

Borei Nefashot

 

peach

Ha'aitz

Borei Nefashot

 

peach pie

Mezonot

Borei Nefashot

 

peanut butter - chunky

Ha'adama

Borei Nefashot

This is usually tafel, so only say a bracha if eaten alone.

peanut butter - creamy

Ha'adama

Borei Nefashot

This is usually tafel, so only say a bracha if eaten alone.

peanuts

Ha'adama

Borei Nefashot

 

pear

Ha'aitz

Borei Nefashot

 

peas

Ha'adama

Borei Nefashot

 

pecans

Ha'aitz

Borei Nefashot

 

peel (of fruits)

Shehakol

Borei Nefashot

 

persimmon

Ha'aitz

Borei Nefashot

 

pickle

Ha'adama

Borei Nefashot

 

pickled herring

Shehakol

Borei Nefashot

 

pie crust

Mezonot

Al Ha'michya

 

pineapple

Ha'adama

Borei Nefashot

 

pistachios

Ha'aitz

Borei Nefashot

 

pizza

Hamotzee

Birkat Hamazon

If the dough is made with juice (not water), and it is eaten as a snack, the bracha is Mezonot.

plum

Ha'aitz

Borei Nefashot

 

pomegranate

Ha'aitz

Al Ha'aitz

 

popcorn

Ha'adama

Borei Nefashot

 

porridge

Mezonot

Al Ha'michya

 

pot roast

Shehakol

Borei Nefashot

 

potato

Ha'adama

Borei Nefashot

 

potato blintzes

Mezonot

Al Ha'michya

 

potato chips

Ha'adama

Borei Nefashot

Bracha is Ha'adama even when made from a powder, since it returns to a form or texture that is uniquely recognizable as a potato food.

potato knish

Mezonot

Al Ha'michya

 

potato kugel

Ha'adama

Borei Nefashot

If no recognizable pieces of potato, the bracha is Shehakol.

potato latkes

Ha'adama

Borei Nefashot

If no recognizable pieces of potato, the bracha is Shehakol.

potato salad

Ha'adama

Borei Nefashot

 

potatoes, mashed

Ha'adama

Borei Nefashot

Since they retain their distinct texture and appearance.

potatoes, powdered instant

Ha'adama

Borei Nefashot

Since they are recognizable as a potato product.

pound cake

Mezonot

Al Ha'michya

 

pretzels

Mezonot

Al Ha'michya

If eaten as (or with) a meal, say Hamotzee and Birkat Hamazon.

Pringles

Ha'adama

Borei Nefashot

Bracha is Ha'adama even when made from a powder, since it returns to a form or texture that is uniquely recognizable as a potato food.

prune juice

Shehakol

Borei Nefashot

 

prunes

Ha'aitz

Borei Nefashot

 

pudding

Shehakol

Borei Nefashot

 

puffed wheat

Ha'adama

Borei Nefashot

 

pumpernickel bread

Hamotzee

Birkat Hamazon

 

pumpkin pie

Mezonot

Al Ha'michya

 

pumpkin seeds

Ha'adama

Borei Nefashot

Only say a bracha achrona if you eat a kezayit within 3-4 minutes.

Q

quiche

Mezonot

Al Ha'michya

If didn't eat a kezayit of crust within 3-4 minutes, the bracha achrona is Borei Nefashot.

quince

Ha'aitz

Borei Nefashot

 

R

radish

Ha'adama

Borei Nefashot

 

Raisin Bran (cereal)

Mezonot

Al Ha'michya

 

raisin bread

Hamotzee

Birkat Hamazon

 

raisin wine

Ha'gafen

Al Ha'gafen

If the water content is more than six times the raisins, then the bracha is Shehakol.

raisins

Ha'aitz

Al Ha'aitz

 

raspberries

Ha'aitz

Borei Nefashot

 

rhubarb (cooked)

Ha'adama

Borei Nefashot

 

rice

Mezonot

Borei Nefashot

 

rice cakes

Ha'adama

Borei Nefashot

 

Rice Krispies (cereal)

Mezonot

Borei Nefashot

 

rice pudding (kugel)

Mezonot

Borei Nefashot

 

roast beef

Shehakol

Borei Nefashot

 

Roll (bread)

Hamotzee

Birkat Hamazon

 

root beer

Shehakol

Borei Nefashot

 

rye bread

Hamotzee

Birkat Hamazon

 

S

salad, vegetable

Ha'adama

Borei Nefashot

 

salami

Shehakol

Borei Nefashot

 

salmon

Shehakol

Borei Nefashot

 

sandwich (bread)

Hamotzee

Birkat Hamazon

 

sardines

Shehakol

Borei Nefashot

 

scallions

Ha'adama

Borei Nefashot

 

scotch

Shehakol

Borei Nefashot

 

sesame seeds

Ha'adama

Borei Nefashot

This is usually tafel, so only say a bracha if eaten alone.

sherbet

Shehakol

Borei Nefashot

 

Shredded Wheat (cereal)

Mezonot

Al Ha'michya

 

soda

Shehakol

Borei Nefashot

 

sour cream

Shehakol

Borei Nefashot

This is usually tafel, so only say a bracha if eaten alone.

sour kraut

Ha'adama

Borei Nefashot

 

soy beans

Ha'adama

Borei Nefashot

 

spaghetti

Mezonot

Al Ha'michya

 

spaghetti and meatballs

Mezonot + Shehakol

Al Ha'michya

 

Spanish omelet

Shehakol

Borei Nefashot

 

spinach

Ha'adama

Borei Nefashot

 

split pea soup

Shehakol

Borei Nefashot

If pieces of peas are still recognizable, the bracha is Ha'adama.

sponge cake

Mezonot

Al Ha'michya

 

sprouts

Shehakol

Borei Nefashot

Alfalfa and bean sprouts are Shehakol since they are grown in pots (or hydroponically), not in the ground.

squash

Ha'adama

Borei Nefashot

 

steak

Shehakol

Borei Nefashot

 

strawberry

Ha'adama

Borei Nefashot

 

strawberry shortcake

Mezonot

Al Ha'michya

 

string beans

Ha'adama

Borei Nefashot

 

strudel

Mezonot

Al Ha'michya

 

stuffed peppers or cabbage - meat as main ingredient

Shehakol

Borei Nefashot

If you desire the pepper/cabbage by itself, say a separate Ha'adama.

stuffed peppers or cabbage - rice as main ingredient

Mezonot

Borei Nefashot

If you desire the pepper/cabbage by itself, say a separate Ha'adama.

stuffing

Mezonot

Al Ha'michya

 

sugar

Shehakol

Borei Nefashot

This is usually tafel, so only say a bracha if eaten alone.

sundae (ice cream)

Shehakol

Borei Nefashot

The toppings are usually considered tafel.

sunflower seeds

Ha'adama

Borei Nefashot

 

sweet potato

Ha'adama

Borei Nefashot

 

Swiss cheese

Shehakol

Borei Nefashot

 

syrup

Shehakol

Borei Nefashot

This is usually tafel, so only say a bracha if eaten alone.

T

taco shells

Shehakol

Borei Nefashot

made from ground corn

taffy

Shehakol

Borei Nefashot

 

tangerine

Ha'aitz

Borei Nefashot

 

tapioca pudding

Mezonot

Al Ha'michya

If made without flour, the bracha is Shehakol.

tarts

Mezonot

Al Ha'michya

 

tea

Shehakol

Borei Nefashot

No bracha achrona, if did not drink a revi'it in a few gulps.

tehina

Shehakol

Borei Nefashot

Made from ground sesame seeds. This is usually tafel, so only say a bracha if eaten alone.

toast (bread)

Hamotzee

Birkat Hamazon

 

tomato

Ha'adama

Borei Nefashot

 

tomato juice

Shehakol

Borei Nefashot

 

tomato soup

Ha'adama

Borei Nefashot

With rice, also say Mezonot.

tortilla

Shehakol

Borei Nefashot

made of corn flour

tuna casserole

Mezonot

Al Ha'michya

 

tuna fish

Shehakol

Borei Nefashot

 

turkey

Shehakol

Borei Nefashot

 

turnips

Ha'adama

Borei Nefashot

 

tzimmes

Ha'adama

Borei Nefashot

assuming that carrots are the ikar ingredient

V

veal

Shehakol

Borei Nefashot

 

vegetable soup

Ha'adama

Borei Nefashot

Bracha achrona is said only if eat a kezayit of the solid within 3-4 minutes, or a revi'it of the liquid in a few gulps. If with noodles, also say Mezonot.

vegetable salad

Ha'adama

Borei Nefashot

 

vegetarian (soy) meat

Shehakol

Borei Nefashot

 

Vitamins (chewable)

Shehakol

none

Only say a bracha achrona if you eat a kezayit within 3-4 minutes.

W

waffles

Mezonot

Al Ha'michya

 

Waldorf salad

Ha'aitz

Borei Nefashot

assuming that apples are the ikar ingredient

walnut

Ha'aitz

Borei Nefashot

 

water

Shehakol

Borei Nefashot

 

watermelon

Ha'adama

Borei Nefashot

 

wheat germ - cooked

Mezonot

Al Ha'michya

 

wheat germ - toasted

Ha'adama

Borei Nefashot

 

Wheaties (cereal)

Mezonot

Al Ha'michya

 

whipped cream

Shehakol

Borei Nefashot

 

whiskey

Shehakol

Borei Nefashot

No bracha achrona, if did not drink a revi'it in a few gulps.

wine

Ha'gafen

Al Ha'gafen

 

Y

yam

Ha'adama

Borei Nefashot

 

yeast cake

Mezonot

Al Ha'michya

 

yogurt

Shehakol

Borei Nefashot

Added fruit is usually considered tafel.

Z

zucchini

Ha'adama

Borei Nefashot