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A Lost Battle?

A Lost Battle?

"The problem is not that Jewish students lack the facts, it's that they don't care about them in the first place."


Natan Sharansky deserves credit for calling attention to the vulnerability of Jewish students on American university campuses. Ditto initiatives like Aish HaTorah's Hasbara Fellowships, which has already trained over 400 students in pro-Israel advocacy on campus, and the recent conference in Jerusalem of Jewish university students to discuss campus anti-Semitism.

Alas, all the campus pro-Israel advocacy initiatives in the world are unlikely to have much impact: the battle is usually lost long before Jewish students reach campus.

Sharansky himself called attention to the widespread apathy of Jewish students after a recent tour of 13 university campuses. Only 10% of Jewish students are involved in any type of Jewish activity, he estimated. "The problem is not that Jewish students lack the facts," writes Shachar Yanai director of the student arm of WIZO, "it's that they don't care about them in the first place."

A University of Chicago student nicely captured the nub of the problem: Arab students are attached to their roots; we are not. As a consequence, Arab and Moslem students, despite being outnumbered by Jewish students, are much more highly involved in Middle Eastern politics than Jewish students. The Arab students speak with one voice and they stay on message: Israel is the source of all that ails the Middle East.

By contrast, the invariable reaction of Jewish students to classes given by defenders of Israel is: Now let's hear the Palestinian side. Fear of being propagandized does not similarly trouble Arab students.

The apathy and studied neutrality of Jewish university students has its roots in a Jewish education devoid of any particularistic Jewish identity. Most Jewish children, in fact, receive no Jewish education. But even those who attend Sunday school or afternoon Hebrew school imbibe few messages calculated to foster identification with their fellow Jews.

Among the liberal denominations all mention of the Jews as the Chosen People is verboten. Talk about the soul to Jewish Sunday school students, and they will stare at you quizzically or laugh; quote classic Jewish sources on the unique spiritual potential of the Jewish soul, and you will be called a Nazi race theorist. (Never mind that any human being can potentially acquire a Jewish soul through conversion. I never heard of an Aryan by choice.) Even opposition to intermarriage is deemed racist by a full half of American Jews, according to a 2001 American Jewish Committee poll.

The most positive message about Judaism that the average Jewish child will ever hear in synagogue is: We were the first to champion such universal values as justice and morality.

That exclusive focus on Jews as the bearers of universal values is both false and inadequate. As Cornell professor Jeremy Rabkin, who was in town last week to deliver the Shalem Center's annual Zalman Bernstein Memorial lecture, put it to me: Jews have always been the great barrier to universalism. We rejected paganism's easy tolerance of all gods, and we have been the great naysayers to the universal monotheistic creeds that seek to unite all mankind under the banner of one religion.

In the ancient world, Jews were hated for insisting on their difference, and they are hated today for the same reason. That is what lies behind Tony Judt's disdain for modern Israel as "an anachronism"' in a world in which people intermarry freely.

The focus on Jews as harbingers of the universal concepts of justice is as inadequate as it is false. It provides no reason for the continued existence of the Jewish people in a world in which these values are allegedly widely dispersed. Nor does some long ago common ancestry (recall that over half of American "Jewish" children under 10 are being raised in homes with only one Jewish parent) provide more grounds for American Jews to identify with Israel.

As a result of their "Jewish" education, today's Jewish college students arrive on campus with roughly the same attitudes that characterized the young intellectuals in the 1961 Commentary symposium "Jewishness and the Younger Intellectuals." The younger intellectuals professed no interest in their religion - either as students or practitioners -- and no fear of intermarriage, either for themselves or their children. Even at a time when Israel was still viewed as a doughty David, the Jewish state failed to engage their interest.

The panelists treated the name "Jew" as, at best, a metaphor for the alienated intellectual. And Jewish victimhood was, in their eyes, the most positive thing about Jews, for it imbued them with a special sensitivity to the socially downtrodden.

Such attitudes provide no bulwark for the Jewish student that will help him or her withstand the ostracism and worse that goes with identification with Israel. Lacking any particularistic Jewish identity, many Jewish students are hurt and angered to find themselves identified in the eyes of others with Israel, the most concrete expression of Jewish nationhood.

In an effort to avoid that association with Israel, some attempt to prove their progressive bona fides by leading the attacks on Israel. For others, the easiest way to shed one's identification as a Jew, at least at a subconscious level, is through intermarriage.

The irony, then, is that instead of their Jewishness predisposing Jewish students to identify with Israel, attacks on Israel are causing Jewish students to flee further from any identification as Jews.

Tell us what you think can be done about the situation in the comment section below.

January 24, 2004

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The opinions expressed in the comment section are the personal views of the commenters. Comments are moderated, so please keep it civil.

Visitor Comments: 50

(49) WA Ford, December 1, 2010 3:15 PM

Intermarriage is so rare in the Orthodox world is is hardly worth mentioning. Look at satmar, a women of 100 years or so has 2000 descedents all religious frum. I read this in a ynet article. Who cares if haskalah(secular) intermarry the true jewish religion will always prevail and that is called hareidi.

(48) Mike, May 2, 2006 12:00 AM


My youngest daughter is in 2ed grade and she loves Israel. Why? Well, we support Israel at home and talk about it. But, she also has a relegious school teacher who loves Israel. As a college teacher I face the opposistion to Israel that is in higher education all the time.

We MUST have affordable and quality Jewish education and that education must include education about Israel. It works.

(47) Pamela Moteles, August 8, 2005 12:00 AM

Too Late

I think that it may be too late to save the vast majority of American Jews. Hatred of Jews is perpetrated BY Jews to the extent that there is no unity, no community; Jews in the U.S. have become so open to gentile communities that its values have been comprimised, and most young Jews try to prove their loyalty to multi-cultural American by claiming that their people are not THEIR people. As a result, Jews intermarry, and the unconverted parent creates both a block to Jewishness in the family as well as an alternative in the majority culture, the latter which is the easier path. Luckily, support for Israel will continue coming from conservative gentile Americans for reasons of their own, and Israel will not be abandoned any time soon. I have made Aliyah; I invite you all to do the same. Let us build a new Jewish life in our ancient homeland.

yechiel shlipshon, April 16, 2014 7:13 PM

ID of Love of Israel

If not for myself, who is?
If only for myself, what am I?
If not now, when?
Have the students challenged with these three questions, and with Hillel's comment on what Torah is. Now, go forth and guide.

(46) Gary Selikow, June 2, 2005 12:00 AM

Measure for Measure

It is a well know principle that G-D interacts MIDA KENEGED MIDA. As a person acts towards his fellow man, so to speak, G-D acts towards him. If the Jews in the Galut act with such indifference or, even worse, with hostility towards the dangers faced by Jews in Israel, how do they expect G-D to treat them when they will be endangered?

It is popular in leftwing Jewish circles to repeat that , as Jews, with a history of suffering and persecution , we must have 'compassion' for the 'Palestinians'.
What about compassion for the thousands of Jewish men , women and children who have died , or been maimed , widowed or orphaned as a result of relentless Arab terror.
What about the 25% of Jewish children in Israel who do not have enough food to eat , because of the Oslo War, and the boycotts and sanctions initiated by the international left?

What about the Jews of YESHA who are being transfered from their homes ,seeing all they built and lived for destroyed before their very eyes.

Comapssion means more than just backing politically correct causes.
Compassion starts with your own people!

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