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Campus Surprise

Campus Surprise

At a growing number of university campuses, ignorant and hostile anti-Israel sentiment has become the lingua franca of an influential chattering class.


When Jewish parents take their children to university campuses this fall, those who have not set foot on a quad from the 1960's through 1980's may be in for an unpleasant surprise.

It's not that they'll face an open barrage of anti-Semitism or even virulent anti-Israel displays. It's not even that most campuses exhibit the anti-Israel hostilities associated with San Francisco State University, Columbia University, the University of Colorado or Concordia University.

Still, for parents who haven't visited a campus for a while, what they experience will shock them. Since the outbreak of the second intifada in September 2000, American campuses have become incubators for a new kind of anti-Israel bias, one that leaves a large number of Jewish students feeling uneasy and unwelcome. In place of the open arms that once embraced Jewish students, parents visiting campuses today may be taken aback by the strong support of professors and students for the Palestinian cause and the anti-Israel rhetoric (occasionally sliding into anti-Semitism) espoused by those teaching and studying in Middle Eastern studies departments. Sadly, at a growing number of university campuses, glib, ignorant and hostile anti-Israel sentiment has become the lingua franca of an influential chattering class.

The Dream Tarnished

Why are American universities less welcoming to Jewish students?

In short, the national perception of Israel has undergone a radical transformation. Once viewed as a brave little country dominated by socialist kibbutzim and moshavim, a safe haven for thousands of Holocaust survivors who had no other home, Israel was once a hero state.

Israelis were viewed as fighting off Arab terrorists (many of whom had supported Nazi Germany), making the desert bloom and providing aid to the newly independent African countries. Much of the world applauded its great victories, especially in 1948 and 1967, against more powerful and threatening Arab enemies who denied its right to exist.

American campuses, which in many respects mirror a left-wing European worldview, have also transformed. Gone are the dominant, moderate, pro-Israel professors of the "greatest generation," who lived through the Great Depression, World War II, the Holocaust, the birth of Israel, and the Cold War. In their place are the children of the 1960's, the students who embraced the powerless and waged a cultural war for civil rights. By and large, their sentiments have not left them. The overwhelming majority of American college professors, especially in the social sciences and the humanities, feel a deep affinity with the Palestinians.

Jewish students are now seen very differently as well. Gone are the images of Jewish leadership on social issues. Now Jews are frequently seen as part of an old elite, struggling to defend the status quo. Nor are Jews any longer the academic elite. Asian students now dominate that field, and were aptly described as the "new Jews" by Nicholas Lemann in Slate magazine several years ago. At the same time, Jews, he wrote, have become the "new...Episcopalians."

Academic left wing politics, again echoing Europe, is reinforced by the over 130 Middle Eastern Studies programs on American campuses. Like other area studies programs, they draw heavily on those who come from the region. In this case, that brings strongly anti-Israel sentiment directly to the classroom. The influence of these Middle East Studies programs is reinforced by large-scale fundraising by American universities in oil-rich Arab countries.

Furthermore, the erosion of Jewish identity in the United States over the last 50 years has led to a concomitant decline in support for Israel. Intermarriage, unfortunately, has played a significant role. The 2000-2001 National Jewish Population Survey found that even among those students who identify as Jews (and many from intermarried families do not), almost half have only one Jewish parent. Significantly, when it comes to feelings about Israel, 36 percent of students with two Jewish parents said they were very emotionally attached to Israel, compared with 4 percent from one-Jewish-parent homes.

What Happened?

But should we be surprised? After all, for most of modern life, Jews were either barred or allowed only limited entry into universities. Indeed, it was only after World War II that quotas on Jews at universities began to lift. Prior to that, many top universities counted their Jews closely.

Tsarist Russian universities were all but foreign territory for Jews up to 1917 and most Jews were forced to travel to Switzerland or Western Europe for a higher education. And European universities in turn were often all but closed to Jewish faculty until after World War II. In fact, neither Einstein nor Freud could get a teaching appointment in German or Austrian universities.

But America was supposed to be different. For first generation American Jews, this country was the goldene medine. The dream of an American university education displaced the old, Eastern European ideal of a yeshiva education for children. For the great bulk of poorly educated, first generation Eastern European Jewish immigrants, struggling to make it in a world of discrimination, poverty and fierce competition, American universities remained remote and unattainable, a world only for the upscale WASPs.

For their children, however, it was a different story. Education was seen as the route out of the ghetto or small business or working-class job into the great American middle-class. Although most second generation Jews still attended public universities (city colleges and state universities), and not elite institutions, this generation achieved their desired entry into the mainstream.

And the Jewish dream came to be realized when, in the wake of World War II, the decline of anti-Semitism after the Holocaust, the G.I. Bill and the new emphasis on meritocracy (reflected in the widespread use of SAT tests), opened the door widely for most Jews in the 1950's and 1960's. Suddenly Jews streamed into all the elite universities.

I believe history will regard the period from 1950-2000 as a Golden Age of American Jewry, when Jews, only 2 percent of the U.S. population, formed 30 percent of the Ivy league population and moved up to occupy one-fourth to one-third of legal, medical, scientific, and academic positions in American society.

During this time Jews, often many of the best students on campus and the leaders in social movements (civil rights, anti-Vietnam War, feminism, environmentalism), seemed to be on the "right side" of campus issues.

What Is Being Done

Fortunately, not all is lost. While the Palestinian cause may hold sway on campuses, the majority of Americans (by a margin of three to one), support Israel, as does the great majority of Congress and the Bush administration. In the war against terror, Israel stands out front and center as part of the Western coalition against those who would threaten our fundamental liberties.

The greatest issues on campus, beyond the openly anti-Israeli rhetoric, are apathy and lack of knowledge

On campuses, which are subjected to many fads, the Palestinian cause is also losing its luster and has over the last few years given way to other issues-- Darfur, the war in Iraq and environmentalism among them. In addition, a number of national Jewish organizations have taken the lead in assisting Jewish students to organize in support of Israel on campus. So too have a number of major foundations, from the Shusterman Foundation to Heritage Legacy Foundation. And there are a number of Jewish academics, diplomats, lawyers and others who frequently lecture on college campuses in support of Israel.

The Future

The struggle over Israel on campus is not just a struggle about today. Rather, as a recent survey by pollster Frank Luntz found, the real issue is the discomfort that many future American leaders feel about Israel. Today's graduate students "at the finest graduate schools in America," writes Luntz in the introduction to his pamphlet America 2020: How the Next Generation Views Israel, "are turning against Israel in alarming numbers." A typical remark is that of a University of Chicago student who said: "Jews have a seriously negative influence on our policy in Israel-Palestine. With all of their money and power, they have succeeded in forcing our government to be involved in the Middle East." The anti- Israel sentiment reflected in the report could, in 20 years, transform itself into public policy reminiscent of the anti- Israel positions of the Eisenhower administration in the 1950's.

The mobilization of American Jewish organizations and foundations, the increasing involvement of Jewish parents and the roles taken by Jewish students on campus are positive harbingers of the future. Led by AIPAC and Hillel, American Jewish organizations ranging from Aish Hatorah and Chabad to AEPi and Scholars for Peace in the Middle East have united under the Israel on Campus Coalition to work for Israel on campuses across the country.

But the greatest issues on campus, beyond the openly anti-Israeli rhetoric, are apathy and lack of knowledge of the Middle East in particular and international affairs in general. In many ways, the shock felt on campus is a pale reflection of how Jews and Israel are perceived in the larger world. Future shock has come to the American campus.

This article originally appeared in The World Jewish Digest.

September 24, 2005

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The opinions expressed in the comment section are the personal views of the commenters. Comments are moderated, so please keep it civil.

Visitor Comments: 9

(9) Bobby5000, August 13, 2017 1:07 PM

important and trivial matters- victimization of Jews in Arab Countries

Jews have been horribly victimized in multiple Arab countries, expelled from some, limited in professions, property appropriated, and synagogues destroyed. The maltreatment in these countries has one thing in common- no one cares.

No colleges protested about it, no UN resolutions dealt it, and no boycotts attempted to address it. Why would we care about something as trivial as the destruction of temples and the mistreatment of Jews, one college student asked. While students and faculty consider it trivial, Jews are entitled to ask about it.

From a recent story in Aish.

"In Judaism, the synagogue is seen as more than just a physical building: It is a central address and institution for the expression of Jewish identity and traditions, embedded in the social fabric of Jewish communities. These synagogues were once scattered across the Middle East and North Africa and were home to thriving and flourishing Jewish populations, some dating back to ancient times. Since the creation of Israel in 1948 and the 1967 Six-Day War, however, these numbers have dwindled due to persecution and subsequent emigration, leaving behind only a few thousand Jews in the Arab world. Small clusters of Jews can still be found in Muslim-majority countries, including Egypt, Lebanon, Iran and Tunisia.
Along with this diaspora, the few remaining synagogues stand as reminders of the once-thriving Jewish populations in Muslim-majority countries and offer us a glimpse into the unique Arab-Jewish identity in the Middle East. We've compiled a list of some of the most gorgeous synagogues and temples in Muslim-majority countries in the Middle East, spanning from Iran to Morocco." :

(8) Stephen Hosken, August 3, 2015 3:18 PM

Learn to debate intelligently.

We all seem guilty of being slow, or unable, to debate in public, or in private. We must learn to present the truth which can be accessed by all concerned.

(7) Anonymous, May 7, 2015 7:52 PM

Not enough Jews speak up against this "trash." I don't always know what to say. I was at a birthday party for a 12 yr old non-Jewish girl and what a cmment that sounded anti-Semitic arose. I did not know what to say. I wasn't sure if it was worth it as the parents who said the comment didn't strike me as the kind of people I want to speak to. I grew up with non-Jews and can easily speak to anyone. Many of us need to right tools to know how to communicate. And a strong desire to use these tools. Like it or not , you need to speak up.

(6) Chikaodili, October 24, 2005 12:00 AM

we must overcome

It's never been completely different from what we know today.Ignorance is the main problem as the press, especially european, tend to portray Israel as the mighty aggressor and Palestine as innocent and harmless.Israel hate is not peculiar to America.It is a global trend and the press is largely to blame.Maybe we all need re-education.

(5) Anonymous, September 26, 2005 12:00 AM

in the 70s

at ucla in the 70s (77-79) i was shocked to see a big black block swastika on one of the old buildings in the center of campus. zionism=racism was a frequent topic in the student paper. and if a jew tried to discuss or argue with a pro-arab, the pro-arab would get heated and insist that the jew didn't really know the truth. it was bad back then, not as bad as now, where it's become more "common sentiment". the way the pro-arabs distort their lies into "freedom" talk from the civil rights movement absolutely disgusts me. it is entirely offensive and degrading to all those jews who struggled for the civil rights of people of color. sadly, many jews today are quicker to run to help darfur and support jewish expulsion from gaza. what's needed is a massive, massive educational, promotional campaign to get jewish students educated at the high school and college levels so jews will stand up and not take any crap from these virulent jew-haters. just like in israel, when the jewish people stand up strongly and say no more baloney we're going to destroy the terrorists etc, jewish students in america should stand up proudly and strongly and not take any baloney from these 'new' nazis. the entire jewish community in america should be behind this and stop with suicidal dreams of peace with arabs who only want to destroy israel. PEOPLE when will you WAKE UP??????? read peters' "from time immemorial" read the, read't you know the history of the jews who were so anxious to make nice with the ones who want to destroy us(either by violence or assimilation). it doesnt' mean you have to become observant. just observe intelligently what's going on in the world and act responsibly as a proud jew. not an idiotic, suicidal,"we are the world" peace now-nik who doesnt' know bupkes about the real story. gevalt!!!! those of us who know the truth are responsible to educate the others. we can't let israel go down like this. we in america have a big responsibility to educate all. PEOPLE WAKE UP NOWW!!!!!!!!!

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