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Being British for 350 years

Being British for 350 years

My family has been in Britain for 350 years. Perhaps it is time for a change.

by

People often ask me where my family is from, and when I tell them that I am 17th generation British, I am met with disbelieving and astonished looks. Most people assume that Anglo- Jewry is in the main no more than two or three generations long and has its origins in Eastern Europe.

The fact is my family has been in Britain for 350 years and unlike most of Anglo-Jewry today, we are Sephardim (Jews of Spanish and Portuguese ancestry). My ancestors were admitted to England shortly after the English Civil War when the Lord Protector Oliver Cromwell having won a raging battle against the Monarchists needed financiers to reinvigorate the war-torn English economy.

Rabbi Menassah Ben Israel of the Amsterdam community petitioned Cromwell to readmit Jews to a land which had not officially seen a Jew in over 360 years. Cromwell accepted the petition but not after a much heated exchange with those who sought to prevent Jews from being readmitted.

The first Jewish community in Britain for centuries consisted of no more than a handful of families who arrived from the thriving Sephardic Jewish community in Amsterdam to try their luck in London. After a few more years and the addition of new families, the first Synagogue was built, namely Bevis Marks, which still stands, although sadly under-used, in the City of London.

Britishness and being Jewish

My rich Sephardic-Anglo background, with its honorary titles and coats-of-arms, leaves me somewhat divided. While on the one hand I am proud of what British Jewry has achieved, on the other I am saddened by what being British has made the Jews.

"Britishness" is a hotly debated subject in those Isles today; many are asking what British means and how does one attain this appellation. As opposed to some other parts of the world, it is not done to apply an adjective to your nationality. You can not be "African-British" or "Asian-British." It is far more simple than that, you are either British or you are not.

Unlike most other minorities, Jews can hide all elements of their heritage and become "British". This has led to a quandary for many Jews, especially in this generation. Jews no longer want to be outsiders, and with help from a certain amount of antipathy, have morphed into the British cultural and social landscape with few, if any, discernable characteristics.

British Jews unlike their American counterparts have anglicized their names and their customs. My father and grand-father both felt it was necessary to change their name from the foreign sounding 'Pereira-Perez' to Perry as they went off to fight "Johnny-Foreigner" in the two world wars.

Clash of civilizations?

There is one people that has lived with the British for many years which reminds them that their 'civilization' is relatively new.

I have my own personal opinions as to why British mistrust and suspicion of the Jews is so different and perhaps at a higher social level than most other forms of world-wide anti-Semitism. The British consider themselves the height of civilization, the founder of democracy and the force that brought culture to much of the world. However, there is one people that has lived with the British for many years which reminds them that their 'civilization' is relatively new.

A good example of this was a retort by Prime Minister Benjamin Disraeli to an anti-Semitic remark aimed at him in the House of Commons, "When the right honorable gentlemen's ancestors were savages on an unknown Island, mine were priests in the Temple of Solomon," Disraeli responded.

The British, of which some tend to look down their noses at most other peoples and nations in the world, there is one amongst them who constantly remind them of their humble beginnings. I do believe that this rankles the British upper and literary social set, which finds its manifestations in the so-called "chattering classes." A few years ago Penelope Wyatt reported in the Spectator Magazine the remark of a peer in her upper-middle class social milieu, "Thank God, we can once again say what we want about the Jews."

While most in most western countries, anti-Semitism is usually the bastion of the underprivileged and those from the lower-socioeconomic classes, in Britain its strongest protagonists are to be found at the opposite end of the social spectrum.

As Anglo-Jewry celebrates 350 years since its re-admittance, I look back on my own familial Anglo-Jewish narrative with a mixture of pride, interest and a heavy dose of consternation. Anglo-Jewry faces an uncertain future as it struggles for its own self-identity. As for me, I have made my choice. At least from my side of the family there will not be an 18th generation British, as I have returned to Israel where my roots extend many times those of my sojourn in the British Isles.

Published: June 10, 2006


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Visitor Comments: 27

(27) Paul Bueno de Mesquita, March 16, 2008 3:40 PM

Where did they come from? Where are they now?

Let's hear more on this topic, please. As a result of their persectution and explusion from Spain & later Portugal, the Separdic diaspora resulted in many signficant contributions around the globe, during the age of exploration and discovery and from some views, even more so today. Let's hear more on this topic of this line of jewsih people and their histprical importance around the world.
Thanks.

(26) yehudis abenson, July 3, 2006 12:00 AM

being british

I can relate to what you are saying. Being british and having lived there for 35 years I always felt the undercurrent anti semitism surrounding me. Being british meant that you were a "subject" - always under someone whereas in the US you are called a "citisen" meaning equality. Living in North America, I can see the difference in the two countries. Golus is everywhere but England reminds you daily, not always in good ways-who is a Jew. Thanks for a great article.

(25) Anonymous, July 2, 2006 12:00 AM

Being British

Being British is still a source of pride for me. I have lived in the U.S. for 37 years and am still a British citizen. Mainly that's because I have never felt the need to change. I didn't 'escape' from an oppressive regime.
I found the writer's article interesting because it filled in some gaps in Anglo Jewish history I didn't know about.
Disappointing that the writer inferrs that his reason for going to Israel was to get away from increasing anti semitism.
There's nothing wrong with wanting to live in anothe rcountry.
Being British I have always felt that I can (or should) be free to live anywhere I want to.
So, he felt that the upper class British (actually, make that English) looked down on Jews!
They look down on anyone who is not in their social bracket.
The American elite do, too. I'm sure there are class differences of a sort in Israel, too.
I'm a Scot and I don't think Jews sufferred more from English disdain that we did.
Just remember there's more to Britain than the English.

(24) Robert Schmolka, June 25, 2006 12:00 AM

I learned the British anti-semitism is upper class

The fact that British antisemitism has its source prevalently in the upper classes may stem from the fact that the first Jews admitted by Cromwell were a sephardic aristocracy originally from Iberia, while in Europe
the ashkenazy(my people)were first given rights in 1781 by emperor Joseph II, i. e. only a little more than two hundred years ago and stem mostly from the shtetl ot the Jewish quarter of cities, and were in no way competition tothe upper classes. Later this was not the case, just the opposite, there were proportionally more Jews in the Universities than other segments of the population, which gave rise to antisemitism based on envy in the middle and lower classes, but also in some upper class peole. In France antisemitism, which I would term antijudaism, finds its most important source in the French-born descendants of the arabo-islamic, notably the algerian community, but much less in the black african muslims community.
Being of central-european origin, I think that the hungarian and slovakian antisemitisms are less violent than the arabo-islamic one, luckily they are also a little-liked minority themselves.

(23) Allison Troppe, June 22, 2006 12:00 AM

Remember me Ashley?

Great article! Ashley, I want to wish you a late mazal tov from me and your old friend Jennifer on your marriage and birth of a daughter. Don't forget your old American friends from Hebrew U.

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