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Anti-Semitism in America

Anti-Semitism in America

The Kansas City JCC murders remind us that virulent anti-Semitism does exists in the United States.

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On a quiet Sunday afternoon, the JCC in Overland Park, Kansas was full of kids. Some were there for a singing and dancing competition. Others were just arriving with their parents for an umpire clinic. Nearby, in Shalom Village, an assisted living facility, residents and staff were getting ready for Passover, which was starting the following night.

The calm of that afternoon of April 13, 2014 was shattered when Frazier Glenn Cross, a 73 year old white supremacist with a history of founding racist, anti-Semitic, paramilitary organizations, strode into both buildings, shooting at adults and children alike. A father who was visiting the JCC that day with his young son described the scene: “All of the sudden we heard a gunshot, a pretty loud gunshot… I turned to look to my right and I can see a man standing outside a car with a shotgun, what to me looked like a shotgun, and there was somebody laying on the ground.”

By the time the rampage was over, three people were dead: William Corporon, a local doctor; his 14-year-old grandson, Reat Underwood, who’d been looking forward to competing in the JCC’s singing competition; and Terri LaManno, who was visiting her elderly mother in Shalom Village.

As it happened, none of Cross’ fatal victims were Jewish, but Cross’ intentions to harm Jews by targeting Jewish institutions was clear. After his arrest, he shouted “Heil Hitler!” to the traumatized crowd around him.

It’s tempting to dismiss Cross as an aberration, one eccentric old man. But he’s hardly alone. In the days after his rampage, the mayor of a town near where Cross lived, Mayor Danny Clevenger of Marionville, Missouri, even praised Cross, echoing his anti-Semitic views, saying Jews are “destroying” the United States.

As the world prepares to mark Yom HaShoah to commemorate and honor the memory of the six million Jews who were killed in the Holocaust 70 years ago, it’s incredible to realize that today in America there are people who will proudly call out “Heil Hitler” as they shoot and murder innocent children – and shocking to realize that there are others who publicly support their odious views.

American Jews are used to hearing of high levels of anti-Semitism and reading of horrific attacks on Jews overseas. In the weeks leading up to Cross’ attack, for instance, the openly neo-Nazi political party Jobbik won 21 percent of the vote in Hungarian national elections and a seat in the government and France’s anti-Jewish National Front made significant gains in French local elections, winning control in several towns. Two weeks after the shooting, Jews in Ukraine were handed leaflets ordering them to register with local authorities. In some European countries today, clear majorities of people polled hold anti-Semitic opinions: 63% in Hungary, for example, and 53% in Spain.

The United States, in contrast, can sometimes feel like a country free of the taint of anti-Semitism. Tragically, the Kansas City JCC murders remind us that virulent anti-Semitism does exists in the US.

According to the FBI, nearly 20% of all hate crimes in the US are directed against people of a particular religion; of those, the vast majority target Jews. Even though Jews make up less than 3% of the population of the United States, more than 63% of religiously-motivated hate crimes in the US were directed against Jews.

The crimes range from ethnic slurs and insults, to vandalism, property damage, even life-threatening attacks. A 2012 survey found nearly a thousand reported anti-Semitic attacks in the US that year, including Molotov cocktails thrown into the house of a rabbi in New Jersey, a Jew punched in the face as he walked home from synagogue, swastikas and threats to Jews written on buildings, cemetery vandalism, and more.

And those are just the reported incidents. For many American Jews, anti-Jewish feelings create a climate of fear, eroding their confidence and comfort. One 2013 poll found that fully 81% of American Jews feel that anti-Semitism is a problem in the United States.

Other studies concur. A 2013 poll by the ADL found that fully 12% of Americans hold anti-Semitic views. And when it comes to specific questions about Jews, the numbers can be far higher.

15% of Americans believe Jews are more likely than other groups to use “shady business practices” to get what they want. 17% of Americans believe Jews “control” Wall Street. 14% of Americans believe Jews have “too much power” in the business world. 13% of Americans believe Jews don’t care about other people; 15% believe Jews have a lot of irritating habits.

The most widespread suspicion of Jews in America seems to focus on the age-old anti-Semitic accusation that Jews aren’t good citizens: fully 30% of Americans believe Jews are more loyal to Israel than to the US.

Given the hatred of Jews in some corners of American society, what can we do? Here are five ways to begin combating anti-Semitism today.

1. Become a teacher.

The ADL survey found that best-educated Americans are the least anti-Semitic: 8% of college-educated Americans admit to anti-Semitic views, for instance, while 19% of Americans with only a high-school education held anti-Jewish views.

Take opportunities to share your Jewish knowledge with others; you might just dispel some myths and change people’s minds when you do.

2. Educate yourself.

I’ll always remember a comparative religions professor I encountered when I was 17. He seemed dismissive of Jews and Judaism, and I felt he looked down on me as a Jewish student. He wasn’t Jewish, but even so, he knew much more about my own religion than I’d ever learned in Hebrew School as a child.

As irritating as he was, that professor did me a huge favor: I decided to take Hebrew classes and begin learning more about Judaism in college, in part to counter his negative statements.

It’s never too late to educate ourselves, and become more effective advocates for ourselves and our wider Jewish community.

3. Find your pride.

Tapping into our Jewish heritage – and immersing ourselves in it – is the best way to combat anti-Semitism. It gives us the strength and tools we need to combat prejudice – and also enriches our lives.

Consider taking on a new piece of Jewish observance, attending Jewish classes, or attending synagogue more regularly.

4. Speak out

When you hear anti-Semitic slurs, speak out. When you signal you won’t stand for anti-Semitism, it sends a clear message that this sort of discourse is unacceptable.

5. Connect your wider Jewish community.

You don’t have to combat anti-Jewish slurs alone. Connecting with other Jews and Jewish organizations can help give you the tools – and the courage – to stand up to anti-Semitism.

Published: April 21, 2014


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Visitor Comments: 43

(37) Anonymous, June 5, 2014 10:07 AM

Anti-Semitism in NYC newspapers

I come from NYC where I met and married my Israeli husband. We owned a loft in lower midtown NYC and he tried to sell it for 10 years and move back to Israel - no luck. That is until I saw a very small add in the New York Daily News in 1987 which reported on the Federal Government's decision to stop the Holocaust Series - which taught high school students about the Holocaust. When I saw this I became frightened by this and told my husband to sell. We sold the loft just a few months later and made aliyah to Israel in 1988. I have been following reports on anti semitism in the US and I wonder why no one saw it like I did.

(36) Kaye Oneal, May 23, 2014 11:51 PM

Jews need some good PR to educate the nation

This antisemitism is sickening, but I agree that education can help. If people believe that Jews don't care about anyone else, then why not have a regular column in the religious section of newspapers on the contributions of Jews to the US. Talk about not only scientific advances, but their humanitarian efforts, philanthropy, etc. People need to be aware of all the good that Jewish people do for others.

(35) Beverly Margolis-Kurtin, May 22, 2014 8:44 PM

Anger begets anger, ditto hattred

I'm 73 years YOUNG. Jew hate is one of the very few things that can be changed. Benjamin Franklin said "A man convinced against his will is of the same opinion still." And that is very true, except in this one case.
Although I live in Texas, in the buckle of the Bible Belt, I seldom come face-to-face with Jew hate, but when I do, I do not get angry, I ask questions.
My favorite question is "Are you a Christian?" If they say yes, I ask "Then why do you hate Jews on the one hand and worship a Jew on the other? Does that make any sense to you?"
In many cases they first try to deny that they worship a Jew, but I pull out my handy-dandy Kindle and SHOW them that the verses that the guy they worship comes from Tenach. When they try to weasel out by saying those words are from the New Testament I just smile, shake my head, and remind them that there WAS no such thing when J was walking around on the planet.
THEN, I ask them what did J say when asked what the most important commandment was. Invariably, they get it wrong. Most of the time they say, "Love your neighbor as yourself." I shake my head and say, "Good try, but you're mistaken." (NEVER say that they're wrong.) Then I show them the Shema on my Kindle (yes, I've got a prayer book on it). Believe or not, folks, J said the Shema and then said "Love your neighbor..."
There is no need to get angry or upset when talking with a Jew hater; they were TOLD what to think and then they say it. It is amazing how many former Jew haters there are out there. When they get educated, they drop their former beliefs.
Whenever I run into a heart attack survivor, I ask them if they have stents in their coronary arteries. "Do you know you have Jews to thank for that? Stents were invented in Israel. So were many other life-saving devices.

Anonymous, July 2, 2014 4:00 AM

Well Said!

(34) Michael, May 21, 2014 3:03 AM

I will say it !!!

For all the Jew hater out there, there is a place in the afterlife for you. I wanted to go on a rant to the haters. Yes, The heavens will hear me when these hater yell out their hate. This really makes many many of us ill.
Jews have done more for gentile and Jews alike then any other people. Jews have a problem not helping ANYONE with a sad story. I seen it a thousand times. Then the person calls the good Jew foul names behind their backs.
Many Jews look at me funny when I say there are no "bad Jews.".
I have seen the scared faces of Jewish school children and their Rabbi in my many years in local and federal law enforcement. It would break one' heart. I made certain, day and night the Jewish community were safe from terror in Chicago.
I am retired now, but still can see the Rabbi' smile at me knowing they were in good hands.
The ADL is one great otg' in the world. Support them when you can. They give their hearts out combating HATE. Thank you AISH, you are loved by millions.

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