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The Olympics & Completing the Talmud

The Olympics & Completing the Talmud

The stark contrast of the two events sheds light on what it means to be a Jew.


Twenty-five hundred years ago a tradition was started in a Mediterranean region, subsequently known as Greece. Once in four years a fierce competition was held to determine which person was the swiftest, strongest and most agile. It was an event that celebrated the beauty and grace of the human body, the limits that it can be pushed to, the drive and spirit of these who wanted to be best at all cost. It also created a sense of unity amongst the peoples of the Hellenistic civilization.

We are celebrating a revival of that tradition after a lapse of about 1500 years in the form of the Olympic Games that are taking place these days.

There was another tradition that started 3500 years ago in the Near East. The Torah was given to the Jewish nation, as a beacon of light meant ultimately to draw all nations of the world. The tradition of Torah, both written and oral law, continued uninterrupted till this day. Once in seven years the entire nation would come together in Jerusalem to read significant portions of the Torah. Although this came to an end with the destruction of the Temple, a new tradition arose two millennium later. About 90 years ago, Rabbi Meir Shapiro, a great rabbi from Lublin, Poland,  implemented a "page a day" study program of Talmud. This would ensure universal Jewish literacy and create a sense of unity amongst the Jewish people.

At the conclusion of this cycle – once every seven and a half years – a huge celebration of "Siyum HaShas," the completion of the Talmud is held. The program started successfully, was devastated during World War II years and slowly came back. Last week, the twelfth "Siyum" was held at Metlife Stadium, with over 90,000 people in attendance and tens of thousands the world over participating via hookup and local celebrations.

I was privileged to be there. It was an event moving and inspiring beyond words. But it was for me a time of reflection about what it means to be a Jew, one of the "chosen."

I could not help but reflect at the coincidence of the event happening in a sports stadium at the same time of the Olympics. The contrast in events brought home to me what it means to be a Torah Jew, in a most impactful way.

Let me itemize the three stark contrasts that struck me:

  1. The cause for celebration: The Western world celebrates the achievement of the body. True, there are certain worthy qualities that participate in the process, i.e. persistence, training, patience, cooperation (in team sports) but these are ancillary to the main goal of a physical accomplishment. And in their essence, the accomplishments are meaningless. Running a quarter of a second faster has brought no great good to any man.

    The Jewish people celebrate intellectual struggle. Not just any intellectual struggle, but the struggle to define good and bad and their manifestations. The body is significant only because it is the platform for the mind and heart. It is the spiritual and intellectual achievements that deserve to be celebrated, not the body's.

  2. Who is celebrated: The Olympic Games celebrate the winner. Only one person can win the gold. The Torah describes the Jews as a "nation of priests." What makes the Siyum HaShas so amazing is that it is the achievement of "everyman." The rabbis and dignitaries were there to celebrate the achievements of the 90,000. Torah teaches us that each person individually is in the image of God, and each one attains his personal greatness, at no expense to the other. The "champions" of the Siyum event were the thousands of people who work hard at a job, push themselves to wake up early, go to sleep late, and puzzle though difficult text and persist undaunted, day in and day out for over seven years.

  3. The effect of the event: The end of a major sporting event tends to bring out the coarser side of society. "Crowd psychology" is by and large a pejorative term. As I waited for my ride outside the stadium at the end of the event, I watched the streaming crowds intently. They had been there from 6 pm until 1:30 am! The adjectives that came to mind watching them stream out were: dignified, uplifted, spiritual, joyous.

One of the prayers we recited on Sabbath reads, "And when the tens of thousands people of your nation gather together, they praise your name joyfully." The simple meaning is that Jews gather in great numbers in order to engage in the activity of singing God's praises. Looking at the crowd a new meaning of the prayer dawned on me. The comportment and demeanor of the Jewish People as they gather in the tens of thousands is in itself the greatest hymn of praise to God.

The morning after, as I recited the blessing before the study of Torah, the words jumped at me: "Blessed are You … who has chosen us from amongst all nations and given us Your Torah." How fortunate are we that our life focuses on the spiritual and intellect. How honored we are that we have been chosen to live a hard life in a mundane world, and then to accept the difficult yoke of infusing it with spirit. How privileged we are to act as a paradigm to the world of what man's true achievements are. How privileged we are to be given the task of refining ourselves to a degree that we become a light unto nations.

I look forward to the day when humanity will take note of this and also choose to become chosen.

August 7, 2012

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Visitor Comments: 38

(30) Richard G Raff, December 2, 2013 5:48 AM

What would you choose?

We must remember that this is a temporary home until we merit the world to come. So with this in mind what questions or answers have we not found because we have to many choices, what would you choose the mind or body or? I made my choice, I am not so refined but I choose life and Hashem blessed be He.

(29) susannah garbutt, August 22, 2012 10:09 AM

values of western civilisation

I disagree that the values of the West are all to do with the body and the physical. What are universities but places where the intellect is celebrated; churches synagogues, mosques and temples places where the numerous religions and spirituality of the world are nurtured and practised in the name of goodness and virtue; and galleries and concert halls places where the arts are nurtured - in the West (and the East, for that matter)? Not to mention the sciences, including medicine, in which many, (but not all) of the outstanding happen to be Jewish - the West is populated by people of all faiths who devote their lives to enlightment in whatever their field of expertise. I guess some of these people attend to the physical in their daily jog or gym visits (the physical demands attention one way or the other), but the West encompasses all these pursuits. Age and death are great levellers and beauty and the physical depart when people may be only halfway through their lives. We take interest in the Olympics, more for the ideals the movement stands for, as in cricket - ideals of fair play etc., but people can work out for themselves what is truly important in their lives, and although the physical can be ignored, and the spirit may be willing but the flesh weak, it doesn't hurt to take an interest once every four years. And finally, the athletes are competing for their nation, not personal glory - when your country participates, you are in there with them, and if they win a medal, the whole country feels they have won. Thank you, Susannah Garbutt

(28) Jonathan, August 13, 2012 10:07 PM

What happens when a Jew succeeds at the Olympics?

The orthodox aren't much on athletics but when it comes to grabbing a big jock, especially a Jewish jock, for a fundraiser....well, buisness is business as the old joke goes. My problem is that the Olympics are over exploited for commercial purposes while 90,000 people at Metlife Stadium could use with a little more branding - The OU in partnership with Kedem presents Siyum HaShas Live! sponsored in part by Rubashkin Meats and ...and... it wouldn't hurt to hand out some tin either. Life isn't Westchester T Ball. There are winners and losers and our over coddled children don't understand that truth.

(27) Anonymous, August 13, 2012 9:42 PM


Rabbi Dov Moshe Lipman, who also writes for Aish, thinks that there is much to learn from the physical achievements olympians display:

(26) lee, August 11, 2012 2:22 PM

how amazing!

How amazing it must have been to be able to attend. I have taught my children to imagine what it would have been like back in the day when all gathered together in anticipation of hearing Hashems word read aloud. What a privilege it was to be there. To gather with others or the nation, to hear and talk about what is required of us. We are truly blessed among the nations. How is it that others can choose to be chosen?

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