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Lech Lecha(Genesis 12-17)

Go to Yourself

A fisherman was sitting by the river fishing. Along came a wealthy man and watched with amazement as every few minutes he would reel in another fairly large fish. After only an hour, the fisherman began to pack up and leave. The wealthy man ran over to him asked, "Why are you leaving so soon?"

"Well," said the fisherman, I've caught enough fish to last me for the week and I don't need any more. Now I'm going home to study Torah and spend time with my family."

"But think of what you could do with more fish," the wealthy man implored. "You could sell the extra fish, use the money to invest in more fishing rods, then you could buy a boat and hire other people to do the fishing – while you supervise the operation."

"And what is the goal of all this?" asked the fisherman.

"Well," replied the wealthy man, "you could then hire someone to manage your business and retire to do what you really want in life."

With that, the fisherman bid the wealthy man goodbye and said, "Thank you very much, but I'm doing that already!"

Idols 'R Us

The point of this story is that sometimes we get so caught up in producing, achieving and becoming successful, that we may never stop to ask, "What is life all about? What am I really living for?"

This week's parsha tells the story of Abraham. When he was three years old, Abraham observed the world of nature with all its perfection, beauty, symmetry, precision, timing, balance, integration, coordination, unity -- and he concluded that for a world so perfectly designed, there must be an intelligent designer. Abraham had discovered God.

On the surface, this conclusion is not so amazing. Take any three-year-old to a toy factory and show him the process of design, manufacture and assembly. Would he mistakenly think these toys are produced by accident?!

What is so unique about Abraham's discovery, however, is that he lived in a world steeped in idolatry. Idolatry is a counterfeit attempt to satisfy the basic human need to connect to a dimension beyond ourselves. For some, this means carving a statue of Buddha; for others, it's owning a new Mercedes. During Abraham's time, everyone had an idol.

Abraham's discovery is all the more remarkable given that his family owned and operated a successful idol store. One day, when Abraham was asked to watch the store, he took a hammer and smashed all the idols -- except for the largest. His father came home aghast. "What happened?!" he shouted. "It was amazing, Dad," replied Abraham. "The idols all got into a fight and the biggest idol won!" There was no way for his father to respond; deep down he knew that Abraham had tuned into a deeper truth.

Abraham continued his effort to convince others. He brought guests into his tent, which was open on all four sides and pitched right in the middle of an inter-city highway. Abraham also authored a 400-chapter book refuting idolatry. And he endured all types of mockery and persecution for holding beliefs that were, to say the least, politically incorrect. Nimrod, as the most powerful world leader of the time, was the one most threatened by Abraham's ideas of a supreme God. So Nimrod threw Abraham into a fiery furnace, saying "Let's see your God save you now." Abraham emerged unscathed.

In fact, the Torah calls him Avraham Ha-Ivri -- Abraham the Hebrew. Ha-Ivri translates literally as "the one who stands on the other side." The entire world stood on one side, with Abraham standing firm on the other.

Break Away

What was the secret of Abraham's incredible strength, and how can we integrate this lesson into our lives today?

The answer is found in the first verse of the parsha. God appears to Abraham and says: "Go to yourself ("Lech Lecha") -- away from your country, your relatives, and your father's house." God is telling Abraham that in order to become truly great, he must "cut the umbilical chord," and embark on a journey of growth and self-discovery -- away from the familiar routine.

We get stuck in a rut of peer pressure. Old friends. Old habits. Overbearing parents. When I was growing up, a certain friend always wanted to be a lawyer. But his parents wanted him to be a doctor, so they could say, "My son the doctor." He insisted on becoming a lawyer, they insisted he become a doctor. The pressure became so great that he went through 10 years of medical school just to satisfy his parents. (Upon completion, he went to law school, then combined the two fields and became a malpractice attorney.) But the point is that he didn't have the strength to break away and live his own life.

The first question we each must ask is: Where does my "life philosophy" stem from? Is it essentially a Greek approach to life? Roman? Eastern? Jewish? Try asking yourself the following question: "If I had been born into a family of Muslim fundamentalists in Iran, what would I be doing with my life today?" Because if you don't grapple with this question, then chances are quite good you'd be a Muslim fundamentalist!

As God told Abraham: "Go to yourself -- away from your country, your relatives, and your father's house." Not to automatically reject society's values. But to intelligently examine their merit.

Self Exploration

Everyone -- without exception -- has to go through this process.

A famous rabbi once revealed to me the secret of his greatness. He said: "My grandfather founded one of the biggest yeshivas of modern time. And my father succeeded him as head of the yeshiva. Growing up, I was surrounded by the very best that Judaism could offer. I studied with top scholars, I had access to immense libraries of Torah books, and I grew up in a home that was the center of Jewish communal life. I had it all. But at the same time, I felt like it wasn't mine. I had been given it, but I hadn't acquired it."

He continued: "So when I was 18, I made a decision to undergo a thorough process of self-examination. I took all of Jewish thought and practice, and emptied myself of it -- metaphorically. I did not stop observing the mitzvahs. But intellectually, I put everything on the table so I could look at it. I looked at Shabbos, for example, and asked myself: What is this? How do I relate to it? What aspects do I appreciate, and which aspects don't I understand?"

A complete relationship with God requires both an intellectual and emotional connection. "Knowledge of God without feeling" leaves a person disconnected and cold. On the other hand, "feeling without knowledge" has been the basis for every historical cult, false religion and demagoguery.

Given the multitude of "spiritual paths" clamoring for our attention (combined with the human tendency to settle for half-truths and comfortable compromises to tough questions), Judaism instructs us to approach spirituality also as an intellectual inquiry. In the "Aleynu" prayer, we recite: "Know this day, and consider it in your heart, that the Lord is God..." "Know this day" is the first, intellectual step. But it must be joined by the emotional realization of "consider it in your heart."

This rabbi continued: "I needed to grow up and become my own person. I repeated this process with all realms of Torah. It took years. But now my convictions are strong and unshakeable. I know who I am, and more importantly, why."

To Life!

A key to maturity is going through this process. Perhaps this is how the tradition began in America of going away for four years to university. It gives young people the flexibility to experiment with different ideas and lifestyles, without having to be under the constant scrutiny of family and friends. It is an opportunity to discover who we really are. (Tragically, however, those four years are often spent more on partying than on serious self-examination.)

In our parsha, God suggests to Abraham where, as a Jew, he can experience this best: Israel. As well for Jews today, one visit to Israel is often transformational. There is a historical, spiritual weightiness about the land that puts life into perspective.

Maybe you'll say, "I don't have the time," or "I'm too old." The rabbis point out that the Hebrew word for "life" -- chaim -- always appears in the plural form. This is because life is a continuous process of self-discovery. It is never too late. And now is the perfect time.

The Sfas Emes (19th century Europe) says that God tells each one of us "Lech Lecha" -- go to yourself. Abraham heard the call. Hopefully, we will, too.

Shabbat Shalom,
Rabbi Shraga Simmons

Published: January 15, 2000

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Visitor Comments: 15

(15) ojekamichael, October 11, 2013 8:09 PM

thanks alot!

Thanks for this simply,comprehensive method of unveiling life_saving phylosophy,indeed u are a blessing to this generation.tnx to aish.com.

(14) Sheldon Dan, November 3, 2011 6:49 PM

My Son the...?!

My cousin actually went to law school, but during college he discovered baking and actually had a business at first out of his home. He later made Aliyah and is now a baker in Beit El!

(13) marshall bennett, November 1, 2011 10:50 PM

I agree self determination is the pursuit of torah

in the continuence of life the best is to come as we live to study and come in closer communion with our maker

(12) J.pan, November 6, 2008 3:33 PM

Thanks Rabbi - I Always Enjoy Reading Your Commentary

The almost 19-year-old son of a very good friend of mine is going to Israel in several months. He is a university student living at home. This message is a very good one for him so I have passed it to him.

(11) Rachel K, November 5, 2008 12:37 AM

Of Our Own Self

My son is having his Bar Mitzvah this Saturday on this Torah portion. I cannot wait quote parts of this for his blessings given to him by his father and I. There are some powerful statements in there. Toda

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