Shraga's Weekly Parshat Ha'azinu: In Broad Daylight
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Ha'azinu(Deuteronomy 32)

In Broad Daylight

Another year, another cycle, and the Five Books of Moses is drawing to a close. At the end of this week's parsha, God tells Moses to climb the mountain where he will die, "B'etzem Hayom Ha'zeh" ― at midday. (Deut. 32:48)

Rashi, the preeminent Torah commentator, notes three times that this phrase ― "B'etzem Hayom Ha'zeh" ― appears in the Torah:

  1. Noah spent 120 years building his ark. The Midrash says that God wanted Noah to use this time to engage people in discussion about how changing their lifestyle could avoid the coming catastrophe.

    Alas, for 120 years, nobody listened, and they ignored Noah's predictions of doom ... until the rain began to fall. They had delayed, procrastinated, and refused to heed the warning signs.

    And now with the rain falling, it was too late. That's when people woke up to the reality of what was about to happen. They panicked, and threatened to smash Noah's Ark to prevent him from entering.

    At which point, God steps in and says: "I will bring Noah into the ark. Not by sneaking in under the cover of night. But in broad daylight ― B'etzem Hayom Ha'zeh" (Genesis 7:13).

  2. A similar scene is repeated at the Exodus from Egypt. Despite a year of horrific plagues and endless pleading from Moses, Pharaoh still refuses to let the Jews go ... until the final plague, when a distraught and beaten Pharaoh runs through the streets at midnight, begging the Jews to leave immediately (Exodus 12:31).

    God's response? Pharaoh had his chance already. The Jews are instructed to stay indoors all night. They won't sneak away like thieves. Rather they will leave Egypt in broad daylight ― "B'etzem Hayom Ha'zeh" (Exodus 12:41).

  3. The third instance enumerated by Rashi is in this week's parsha, where Moses is faced with imminent death. "We will not allow Moses to leave us!" the people cried. "We will stop him from ascending the mountain!"

    Why do the Jews want to stop Moses' death? Because they can not bear to part with their beloved leader, who took them out of Egypt, split the sea, brought water from a rock, and most importantly, taught them Torah.

    Imagine that! For 40 years in the desert, the Jews did nothing but complain to Moses. Now all of a sudden everyone changes their mind!

    But the die was cast. Says God: "Moses will climb the mountain at midday, in broad daylight ― so that all will see there is no stopping God's will."

Spiritual Accounting

These three events reflect an unfortunate pattern in human nature. We're reluctant to take action until it's too late. We don't begin diet and exercise until after the heart attack. We don't consider marital counseling until a break-up is imminent. We don't try talking to our children until they've already drifted away...

We sweep the problem under the rug, hoping it will disappear by itself. But like a cancer on an x-ray, the problem inevitably grows bigger and bigger... until it is too late.

So what is the remedy?

Jewish tradition speaks of the need to make a cheshbon ― a spiritual accounting of profit and loss. Just as a business keeps balance sheets, so too you need a regular system to evaluate where you stand.

Think of the power such a system brings when applied to relationships, career, and spirituality! With close monitoring, you are likely to see potential difficulties brewing, and deal with them now before it becomes a major problem later.

Cheshbon not only safeguards us from mistakes, but also increases our productivity in areas where we already excel.

Here's four simple steps of cheshbon:

  1. Think about: "What do I want my life to look like 12 months from now?"
  2. Make a commitment to getting it done this year.
  3. Formulate a plan for how to achieve it.
  4. Ask the Almighty to help you do it.

One Step at a Time

But, you may argue, we all start with good intentions ― yet never quite reach our goal. How is "cheshbon" different?

The key is to develop a series of realistic, short-term goals, that can be monitored on a daily basis. Like mile-markers on the road, a short-term goal is one stepping stone toward the long-term goal.

A major impediment to growth is the feeling of being overwhelmed by the magnitude of the task. If a goal is too lofty and unattainable, we inevitably fall short and get discouraged.

But the Jewish approach is different. In Jacob's famous dream, God shows him a vision of a ladder reaching toward heaven. Growth, like climbing a ladder, must be one step at a time ― in small, incremental goals.

To make the plan foolproof, make your initial goal something you know you can reach. Tasting success will bolster your confidence and determination, and you can use this energy to strive for higher goals.

Figure out "step one" toward your long-term goal ― and that now becomes your interim short-term goal. After you achieve that, move on to "step two" of the long-term goal ― which becomes the new interim short-term goal.

Remember, the longest journey begins with just one step. And since we can't predict the future variables, all we can do is keep moving ahead. One step at a time.

The fact that we may never reach the ultimate long-term goal should not be our primary concern. The long-term goal may be "perfection," and chances are that's not attainable. But we can still try. Because that's all we're expected to do.

Monitoring the System

Another key element is to implement a system for monitoring progress.

Every night before going to bed, look back at that day's events, and evaluate where you profited or lost. Then make a plan so the next day will be more productive.

Ask yourself:

  • What have I accomplished today?
  • Did I accomplish what I intended?
  • How am I going to improve tomorrow?
  • What are my strengths and weaknesses?
  • What's my profit? What's my loss?
  • How far have I advanced toward my long-term goal?
  • What's holding me back from growing more?

It takes discipline to ask these questions, day in and day out. The best method is to set aside 10 minutes of "sacred time" where you will not be disturbed by the telephone, email or pagers. Find a room and lock the door. If necessary, put in some earplugs.

For 10 minutes a day, be alone with yourself, to think, ponder, evaluate and plan.

Day of Atonement

While Rashi cites three examples of "B'etzem Hayom Ha'zeh," the Torah uses an identical phrase in reference to Yom Kippur (Leviticus 23:29).

What is the connection? On Yom Kippur, the judgment of each Jew is sealed for the coming year. Yet are we prepared, or have we procrastinated? Are we even interested to experience the cleansing power of atonement?

On Yom Kippur, God's will prevails and we are brought to our senses ― whether we like it or not.

This helps explain an anomaly codified by Maimonides, whereby under certain circumstances, when someone is shirking his obligation, the court forces him to accede until he says, "Yes, I want to do this voluntarily."

Isn't that a contradiction ― forcing him to do so voluntarily?!

Actually, everybody wants to do the right thing. We want to change. We want to grow. Sometimes we just have to be brought to that realization ... kicking and screaming.

On Yom Kippur, God peels back the mask and we see ourselves in the barest form. No food. No shoes. Just a soul and its Creator. The stark reality of our lives... hanging in the balance... in broad daylight... "B'etzem Hayom Ha'zeh."

Sounds scary? It needn't be. The solution is simple. Make a cheshbon. Figure out where's your profit, and where's your loss. Then make a plan for the coming year.

With the Almighty's help, we will succeed.

Shabbat Shalom,
Rabbi Shraga Simmons

Published: October 3, 2000

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Visitor Comments: 11

(10) David Greenberg, September 29, 2012 3:55 PM

One step at a time or ...

Thank you for giving us your insight to the Torah. Makes me think of this: "How do you eat an elephant? One bite at time" :-)

(9) Annette C., September 25, 2012 7:35 PM

Moses and daylight

Could you please give me the scripture reference for the third use of "in broad daylight'. Thank you. Annette Cohen

Laya, September 28, 2012 3:45 AM

It's in the first paragraph

The article opens with the third source (in this weeks parsha): "At the end of this week's parsha, God tells Moses to climb the mountain where he will die, "B'etzem Hayom Ha'zeh" ― at midday. (Deut. 32:48)" Shabbat Shalom!

(8) Jeri, September 27, 2011 12:28 AM

L'Shanah Tovah

Rabbi, I hope when you do your cheshbon you give yourself ample credit for the benefit you've brought to me and so many others who read your comments on the Aish HaTorah website. Best wishes to you and your family for a Sweet and Healthy New Year.

(7) Grace Fishenfeld, September 6, 2010 3:55 PM

Self and Others

Beautiful thinking! Thank you for giving us another example of your wisdom and of Rashi's commentary on this week's parsha. Our will can be joined with God when we take sacred time to plan. Cheshbon, was a word taught to me as a child, by my grandparents. They had a plan to establish themselves with their family in their new country, America. They read, daily and prayed and taught about how a good person develops into becoming a mench. Their Cheshbon included the idea of having integrity. Having high standards for accomplishing daily tasks. Bit by bit, in broad daylight, if we concentrate, we will be presented with the joy of accomplishment. This, Cheshbon, not only affects our lives , but touches the whole community.

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