click here to jump to start of article
Join Our Newsletter

Get latest articles and videos with Jewish inspiration and insights​

Nitzavim(Deuteronomy 29:9-30:20)

Mutual Responsibility

This week's parsha records how Moses, on the last day of his life, gathered together the entire Jewish nation and introduced a new level of the Covenant with God: From now on, the people would not only be responsible for their own actions, but they'd be responsible for each others' actions as well.

This aspect of mutual responsibility is what makes us a nation and not just group of individuals.

Of course, the greatest degree of responsibility devolves upon those people who know better. If someone is bleeding in the street, and a doctor and a gardener walk by, who has the greater obligation to help? The doctor, of course. So, too, with spiritual issues.

The story is told of a very religious man who died and went before the heavenly court for judgment. The court proceeded to list the man's many merits, and then enumerated his transgressions, which included eating pork. "But I never ate pork in my entire life!" the man protested.

"You are correct," the heavenly court declared. "But your next door neighbor ate pork and you never tried reaching out to him. Therefore, you bear responsibility as if you ate pork."

Of course, such interactions have to be done in a way that won't make matters worse, or create tension and resentment.

Yet the implication of this is that someone can't go just about living a depraved life while saying, "Leave me alone! I'm not bothering anyone." Because the idea of mutual responsibility means that everyone's actions influence the spiritual health of everyone else.

This idea finds its clearest expression during the High Holidays, when each individual - and the entire world - stand in judgment. As Maimonides writes:

Each person needs to see himself as half-meritorious and half-guilty, and similarly to see the world as half-meritorious and half-guilty. Therefore, one good deed, or one transgression, can change the balance of the entire world.

Let's keep this in mind - and may we all be written and sealed for a good new year!

September 9, 2006

Give Tzedakah! Help create inspiring
articles, videos and blogs featuring timeless Jewish wisdom.

Visitor Comments: 4

(4) Anonymous, September 8, 2015 11:38 AM

Excellent lesson. Thanks for posting!

(3) Anonymous, September 18, 2014 11:23 AM


This is so true and lacking from society today. Thanks for posting this!

(2) Scott Granowski, September 27, 2008 11:15 AM

Responsible for Others

Thank you for your commentary. Taken to extreme, such mutual responsibility would create an unhealthy codependence. Since I cannot imagine that is your point, I would assume that you are pointing to the fact that my spiritual life has as part of its mandate to assist others in their spiritual growth. Over time, I have discovered that I am most useful when people want it, not when they appear to need it.

(1) shells, September 27, 2008 2:10 AM

thanks Rabbi

and Amen to your prayer at the end of all that you write... with love from england... your shells x

Submit Your Comment:

  • Display my name?

  • Your email address is kept private. Our editor needs it in case we have a question about your comment.

  • * required field 2000
Submit Comment