1. Which three parts of the Tabernacle are listed in this parsha, and in what context are they mentioned?
These three parts of the Tabernacle appear several times: The paroches, the curtain separating the Holy of Holies; the kapores, the cover of the Holy Ark; and the Incense Altar (Leviticus 16:2, 12). They appear in connection with the service of the High Priest on the Day of Atonement.
2. In what context is dirt mentioned in this parsha? What other Torah command involves taking some dirt? In what context does dirt (afar) first appear in the Torah?
In this parsha, when a bird or wild animal is slaughtered, its blood must be covered with dirt (Leviticus 17:13). In parshas Naso, the Kohen is required to take some dirt from the floor of the Tabernacle and mix it with water as part of the waters given to a suspected adulteress (Numbers 5:17). Dirt is first mentioned when Hashem takes "dirt from the ground" and forms Man from it (Genesis 2:7).
3. In this parsha, part of the service of the High Priest on Yom Kippur involves two goats (seir izim). In what context does a goat (seir izim - not gadi izim) first appear in the Torah?
In parshas Vayeshev, Yosef's brothers slaughter a goat (seir izim) and dip Yosef's coat into its blood (Genesis 37:31).
4. In what context is a lottery performed in this parsha? Where else in the Torah is a lottery performed?
In this parsha, a lottery is performed to determine which goat will be brought as an offering on Yom Kippur, and which goat is designated as the scapegoat (Leviticus 16:8). In parshas Pinchas, Hashem commands the Land of Israel to be divided among the tribes through a lottery (Numbers 26:55).
5. As part of the Yom Kippur service, the High Priest takes a handful of incense and brings it into the Holy of Holies (Leviticus 16:12). Where else in the Torah is a command to "take a handful"?
In parshas Bo, Moshe and Aaron are commanded to each take a handful of ashes to initiate the plague of boils (Exodus 9:8).
6. As part of the Yom Kippur service, the High Priest sprinkles blood "seven consecutive times" (Leviticus 16:14). Where else in the Torah does someone perform an action "seven consecutive times"?
In parshas Vayishlach, as Yaakov approaches his brother Esav, he bows down "seven consecutive times" (Genesis 33:3).
7. What "land" appears in this parsha, but nowhere else in the entire Torah?
On Yom Kippur, a Kohen leads the scapegoat to the "land of Geziera" (Leviticus 16:22).
8. In this parsha, which two countries appear in the same verse?
Egypt and Canaan appear in a single verse, as we are commanded not to copy their actions (Leviticus 18:3).
9. Which person and object, appearing in the same verse, differ in numerical value (gematria) by five?
Aaron the High-Priest, and the Holy Ark (Aron) both appear in the same verse (Leviticus (16:2). They differ in their Hebrew spelling by only the letter Hey, which has the numerical value (gematria) of five.