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Tetzaveh(Exodus 27:20-30:10)

Bells and Pomegranates

Our parsha tells us of the making of the clothing of the priests and the High Priest, the objects which were used in the Mishkan, and the construction of the Mishkan itself. Among the garments worn by the High Priest we find the Robe. Below is a Rashi-comment and the Ramban's argument with it.

Exodus 28:33-34

And on its lower hem, you shall make pomegranates of blue wool, dark red wool and crimson wool, on its lower hem around. And bells of gold in their midst all around.

A gold bell and pomegranate, a gold bell and a pomegranate on the lower hem of the robe all around.



And bells of gold - RASHI: Bells together with their clappers in them.

In their midst all around - RASHI: Between them all the way around. Between every two pomegranates there was one bell attached and hanging from the hem of the robe.

A gold bell and a pomegranate, a gold bell and a pomegranate - RASHI: Next to it.



This is a typical Type II comment. Rashi weaves his words in between the Torah's words. Its purpose is to dispel a wrong understanding of the verse.

Which misunderstanding?

Your Answer:



An Answer: Were the bells inside these woolen pomegranates or were they placed, each one, in between the pomegranates on the hem of the garment? Rashi states his view clearly – the bells were on the hem in between the pomegranates. They were not within each of the pomegranates.

This view is not held by all commentators. The Ramban, for example, disagrees with Rashi and says that the bells were, in fact, placed within the pomegranates themselves.

What evidence would you cite to support Rashi's view?

Hint: See the surrounding verse.



An Answer: Look at verse 28:35. When the Torah speaks of this robe with its bells and pomegranates it says:

... and its sound shall be heard when he comes into the Holy place which is before Hashem and when he goes out so that he shall not die.

Certainly if we want the sound of the bells to be heard, it would be best to have them hanging out in the open. Were they placed inside the woolen pomegranates their sound would be muffled. This seems to support Rashi's view of the position of the bells over that of the Ramban.


Shabbat Shalom,
Avigdor Bonchek

January 29, 2005

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Visitor Comments: 2

(2) Rothschild Eli, February 24, 2015 5:37 PM

AT PETACH LO - you are specilist on throwing challenges/ Thanks

Dear Dr. Bontchek,
Since years, I together with my childlren, pupils and friends, we are Chassidim of Dr. Avigdor. As well CHOMER as well ZURAH are suspence and hunor./ Who likes Jo Nesbo, likes bothering with Rashi. Thanks to STUDYING THE TORAH I succeeded to
to transform many BACHURE YESHIVAH to become addicted fans of PSHAT. ashre she kivanta -Eli Rothschild ( Brother of Dear Joggi s.ll ). drunken by RODFE HA PSHAT/

(1) Devora, February 15, 2008 9:31 AM


So what is the Ramban's proof? how does he explain Rashi's proof? how does Rashi get his explanation from the pasuk?

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