Yahrtzeit of Levi Eshkol (1895-1969), the third prime minister of Israel. Eshkol led the country during the momentous Six Day War, when Israel staved off five Arab armies and reunited the capital city Jerusalem. Born in a small village near Kiev, Ukraine, Eshkol made aliyah at age 19. As prime minister, he worked to improve foreign relations, establishing diplomatic contact with West Germany, and also cultural ties with the Soviet Union which allowed some Soviet Jews to immigrate to Israel. Eshkol is also known for implementing the National Water Carrier system.