In 1946, Rumanian leader Ion Antonescu was executed for his role in World War II. Antonescu passed dozens of anti-Jewish laws, and directly ordered pogroms and deportations to concentration camps. Antonescu, whose stepmother and wife were both Jewish, said: "I give the mob complete license to massacre [the Jews]. I will withdraw to my fortress, and after the slaughter, I will restore order." Under his governance, approximately 300,000 Jews were killed in Romania and Transnistria, where many had been deported. Toward the end of the war, Antonescu was arrested and put on trial by the Communist government in Bucharest -- on the primary charge of having supported the German invasion of the USSR. He was sentenced to death and executed.